Occurrences of ochratoxin A in slaughtered wild boar (Sus scrofa)

  • Giancarlo Bozzo | giancarlo.bozzo@uniba.it Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Università degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano (BA), Italy.
  • Edmondo Ceci Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Università degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano (BA), Italy.
  • Elisabetta Bonerba Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Università degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano (BA), Italy.
  • Angela Di Pinto Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Università degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano (BA), Italy.
  • Gaetano Vitale Celano Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Università degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano (BA), Italy.
  • Giuseppina Tantillo Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Università degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano (BA), Italy.

Abstract

Ochratoxins are fungal secondary metabolites that may contaminate a broad variety of foodstuffs, such as grains, vegetables, coffee, dried fruits, beer, wine and meats. Ochratoxins are considered powerful nephrotoxins, carcinogens, teratogens in rats and likely in humans. In 2011, during a programme aimed to survey the presence of ochratoxin A in 35 regularly slaughtered wild boars in Calabria region (Southern Italy), ochratoxin A (OTA) was detected in 35 kidneys, 33 urinary bladders, 33 livers and 32 muscles of 35 animals at the following levels: 1.05 ppb (0.1-3.9 ppb), 0.5 ppb [not detected (ND)-2.6 ppb], 0.4 ppb (ND- 2 ppb), 0.2 ppb (ND-0.5 ppb), respectively. A total of 12 samples of kidney, 4 samples of liver, and 4 samples of urinary bladder showed levels of OTA higher than the level (1 ppb) established by the guidelines of the Italian Ministry of Health circular No. 10.

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2013-10-21
Info
Issue
Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
HPLC, OTA, Sus scrofa
Statistics
  • Abstract views: 627

  • PDF: 1013
How to Cite
Bozzo, G., Ceci, E., Bonerba, E., Di Pinto, A., Celano, G. V., & Tantillo, G. (2013). Occurrences of ochratoxin A in slaughtered wild boar (Sus scrofa). Italian Journal of Food Safety, 2(3), e39. https://doi.org/10.4081/ijfs.2013.956