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The hygiene-sanitary control in the wild game meats

Germana Giuggioli, Alberto Olivastri, Luca Pennisi, Domenico Paludi, Adriana Ianieri, Alberto Vergara
  • Alberto Olivastri
    ASUR Marche Area Vasta 5 Ascoli Piceno/San Benedetto del Tronto, Italy
  • Luca Pennisi
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Italy
  • Domenico Paludi
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Italy
  • Adriana Ianieri
    Department of Food Science, University of Parma, Italy
  • Alberto Vergara
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Italy

Abstract

The use of game meat as a food source is currently a growing trend in our country. These products have strong and historic ties with cultural and culinary tradition, but are also appreciated for their sensory and nutritional characteristics. A major contributor to the supply of this type of product is hunting. Practiced since the dawn of time for survival, hunting has evolved into a recreational activity with substantial commercial interests. Of particular importance in this context is hunting of large ungulates. The progressive urbanization of the population has allowed for the re-establishment of bush and wooded areas that represent the ideal habitat of species such as the wild boar, whose numbers are increasing throughout the country. It is therefore clear that implementation of safety rules regarding the hunting and consumption of game meat needs to be urgently addressed. The understanding and application of rules isn’t always easy since the health law is intertwined with that of hunting, and the decision- making power left to the different regions does not contribute to a uniform application throughout the country. The aim of this study was to examine the norms that regulate the use of large wild game meat intended for human consumption and their applicability in hunting activities. From the comparison of the data reported in the literature and our field experience the rules implementation and the problems are evaluated. Operational procedures are then proposed to simplify some of the most difficult aspects and fill in the gaps highlighted.

Keywords

Wild boar; Hunt; Legislation; Hygiene; Food safety

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Submitted: 2017-07-03 13:17:56
Published: 2018-02-26 11:10:24
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