Evaluation of the antibacterial activity of bergamot essential oils on different Listeria monocytogenes strains

Submitted: 19 July 2016
Accepted: 22 September 2016
Published: 1 December 2016
Abstract Views: 2517
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Essential oils are aromatic and volatile substances extracted from plants and characterized by antimicrobial activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity (agar disc-diffusion method) of seven different bergamot essential oils (BEOs) on eight Listeria monocytogenes strains. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of most efficient BEOs was estimated. Extremely variable results for agar disc-diffusion method for L. monocytogenes strains were reported. One of the tested microorganisms resulted insensible to all the BEOs; 3 strains showed an inhibition from weak to null and the remaining 4 a variable susceptibility. Among the BEOs tested, one showed a strong activity against four pathogenic strains. Four BEOs revealed weak, moderate or null activity in all the 7 sensitive strains, while for two oils only a weak or no activity was reported. MIC values were 0.625 μL/mL for the most efficient BEO, 2.5 and 5 μL/mL for the other samples that showed moderate inhibition. Experiment results are significantly related to the strains tested (P<0.01), rather than the BEO employed (P>0.01). In conclusion, we can consider BEO as a natural technological hurdle for Listeria monocytogenes in combination with other preservation strategies. Finally, this study underlines the necessity to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of EOs on a significant strains number of the same bacteria.



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How to Cite

Marotta SM, Giarratana F, Parco A, Neri D, Ziino G, Giuffrida A, Panebianco A. Evaluation of the antibacterial activity of bergamot essential oils on different Listeria monocytogenes strains. Ital J Food Safety [Internet]. 2016 Dec. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 13];5(4). Available from: https://www.pagepressjournals.org/ijfs/article/view/6176

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