Antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter cuniculorum isolated from rabbits reared in intensive and rural farms

  • Silvia Piva | silvia.piva@unibo.it Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum- University of Bologna, Ozzano dell’Emilia (BO), Italy.
  • Daniela Florio Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum- University of Bologna, Ozzano dell’Emilia (BO), Italy.
  • Domenico Mion Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum- University of Bologna, Ozzano dell’Emilia (BO), Italy.
  • Renato Giulio Zanoni Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum- University of Bologna, Ozzano dell’Emilia (BO), Italy.

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the antimicrobial susceptibility in Campylobacter cuniculorum. To do so, 29 isolates from rabbits reared in 18 intensive and 11 rural farms not epidemiologically correlated were tested. Minimum inhibitory concentration of 8 antimicrobial agents was determined using the agar dilution method recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (Wayne, PA, USA), modified – for what supplements in the base medium and incubation conditions concern – for C. cuniculorum isolates. The isolates obtained from rural farming resulted susceptible to all the antimicrobial agents tested, with the exception of one isolate resistant to nalidixic acid. All the isolates obtained from intensively farmed rabbits were sensitive to chloramphenicol and ampicillin; 16 isolates were resistant to tetracycline; 15 to nalidixic acid and erythromycin; 13 and 10 isolates to ciprofloxacin and enrofloxacin, respectively; and only 1 to gentamicin. The resistance of several isolates to macrolides and fluoroquinolones, which are the drugs of choice in treatment of human campylobacteriosis, could pose a risk to human health if a pathogenic role of C. cuniculorum was demonstrated.

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Published
2016-06-03
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Short Communications
Keywords:
Campylobacter cuniculorum, Antibiotic resistance, Rabbits
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How to Cite
Piva, S., Florio, D., Mion, D., & Zanoni, R. G. (2016). Antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter cuniculorum isolated from rabbits reared in intensive and rural farms. Italian Journal of Food Safety, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.4081/ijfs.2016.5829

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