Aflatoxin M1 levels in raw milk, pasteurised milk and infant formula

Submitted: 30 January 2016
Accepted: 27 April 2016
Published: 3 June 2016
Abstract Views: 2748
PDF: 1403
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The incidence of contamination of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in milk samples collected from the Jordanian market was investigated by using the competitive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. A total of 175 samples were collected during 2014-2015. All tested samples were contaminated with various levels of AFM1 ranging from 9.71 to 288.68 ng/kg. The concentration of AFM1 in 66% of fresh milk samples was higher than the maximum tolerance limit accepted by the European Union (50 ng/kg) and 23% higher than the maximum tolerance limit accepted by the US (500 ng/kg). Percentages of contaminated raw cow, sheep, goat and camel milk exceeding the European tolerance limit were 60, 85, 75 and 0%, respectively. Of AFM1 contaminated pasteurised cow milk samples, 12% exceeded the European tolerance limit with a range of contamination between 14.60 and 216.78 ng/kg. For infant formula samples, the average concentration of AFM1 was 120.26 ng/kg (range from 16.55 to 288.68 ng/kg), the concentration of AFM1 in 85% of infant formula samples was higher than the maximum tolerance limit accepted by the European Union and the US (25 ng/kg).

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Al-Balqa applied University

How to Cite

1.
Omar SS. Aflatoxin M1 levels in raw milk, pasteurised milk and infant formula. Ital J Food Safety [Internet]. 2016 Jun. 3 [cited 2024 Jul. 13];5(3). Available from: https://www.pagepressjournals.org/ijfs/article/view/5788