Low-frequency focused thermosonication for Salmonella typhimurium inactivation: an in vitro study

Submitted: 21 December 2023
Accepted: 18 April 2024
Published: 22 May 2024
Abstract Views: 962
PDF: 1713
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Customer requests are addressed to safe products that best express their characteristics of "naturalness" and "freshness" for the entire shelf life; therefore, scientific research has been exploring the use of "non-thermal technologies". Thermosonication using low-frequency focused ultrasound determines bacterial inactivation through the phenomenon of "cavitation", guaranteeing high-quality standards of safety, nutrition, and freshness of the products. The present work aims to evaluate the effectiveness of inactivation of Salmonella typhimurium in culture broth by low-frequency focused thermosonication with two different operational parameters: sublethal temperature (40°C, 50°C) and treatment time (5, 10, and 15 minutes). Treatment determined a bacterial load reduction compared to the negative control (untreated inoculum), which was statistically significant at the T-test (p<0.05). Average decreases of 1.5 log and 3.5 CFU/mL were observed, respectively, after treatment and after 24 hours of storage at +4°C. Treatment at 50°C for 15 minutes was the most effective (average value: 3.06 log CFU/mL; minimum value: 2.13 log CFU/mL; maximum value: 4.59 log CFU/mL). However, strains have shown markable variability: one of them even showed an increase in the microbial load 24 hours after treatment at 40°C for 5 minutes (-0.20 log CFU/mL); however, the same treatment showed a reduction of bacterial charge in all the other strains (average value: 1.05 log CFU/mL; minimum value: -0.20 log CFU/mL; maximum value: 2.28 log CFU/mL). The study poses numerous perspectives on the use of low-frequency focused thermosonication treatment in the food industry as a sustainable and safe alternative to classic thermal treatments.

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How to Cite

1.
Lauteri C, Pennisi L, Di Clerico D, Pennisi V, Vergara A. Low-frequency focused thermosonication for <i>Salmonella typhimurium</i> inactivation: an <i>in vitro</i> study. Ital J Food Safety [Internet]. 2024 May 22 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];. Available from: https://www.pagepressjournals.org/ijfs/article/view/12217