Anisakid nematodes as possible markers to trace fish products

  • Vincenzo Ferrantelli | vincenzo.ferrantelli@izssicilia.it National Reference Center for Anisakiasis - C.Re.N.A, Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Sicily A. Mirri, Palermo, Italy.
  • Antonella Costa National Reference Center for Anisakiasis - C.Re.N.A, Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Sicily A. Mirri, Palermo, Italy.
  • Stefania Graci National Reference Center for Anisakiasis - C.Re.N.A, Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Sicily A. Mirri, Palermo, Italy.
  • Maria Drusilla Buscemi National Reference Center for Anisakiasis - C.Re.N.A, Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Sicily A. Mirri, Palermo, Italy.
  • Giuseppe Giangrosso National Reference Center for Anisakiasis - C.Re.N.A, Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Sicily A. Mirri, Palermo, Italy.
  • Claudia Porcarello National Reference Center for Anisakiasis - C.Re.N.A, Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Sicily A. Mirri, Palermo, Italy.
  • Silvia Palumbo National Reference Center for Anisakiasis - C.Re.N.A, Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Sicily A. Mirri, Palermo, Italy.
  • Gaetano Cammilleri National Reference Center for Anisakiasis - C.Re.N.A, Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Sicily A. Mirri, Palermo, Italy.

Abstract

In this work a total of 949 fish samples were analysed for the identification of nematode larvae belonging to the Anisakidae family. Biomolecular application for the identification of Anisakidae larvae can be an optimal instrument for the traceability of fish products, described on the Reg. EC 178/2002. Results confirm a correlation between geographical distribution of fishes and presence of specific Anisakid larvae. FAO 37 zone (Mediterranean sea) showed a prevailing distribution of Anisakis pegreffii and a minimal presence of A. simplex s.s. in hybrid form with Anisakis pegreffii. FAO 27 zone showed a prevailing distribution of A. simplex s.s. in fish like Brosme (Brosme brosme) and infestation prevalence of Pseudoterranova krabbei and P. decipiens s.s. in Gadus morhua. Obtained results validate the hypothesis that molecular biology methods for identifying Anisakidae larvae are effective traceability markers of fish products.

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Published
2015-03-11
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Original Articles
Supporting Agencies
Istituo Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sicilia
Keywords:
Fish traceability, Nematodes, Anisakidae, Molecular biology
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How to Cite
Ferrantelli, V., Costa, A., Graci, S., Buscemi, M. D., Giangrosso, G., Porcarello, C., Palumbo, S., & Cammilleri, G. (2015). Anisakid nematodes as possible markers to trace fish products. Italian Journal of Food Safety, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/ijfs.2015.4090