Assessing global good agricultural practices standard adoption: insights from fruit and vegetable farmers in Pakistan


Submitted: 28 November 2023
Accepted: 18 January 2024
Published: 26 January 2024
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This study examines the challenges Pakistani farmers face in adopting global good agricultural practices (GGAP) and highlights the limitations in infrastructure and cost-based clauses. A questionnaire based on GGAP’s fruit and vegetable module version 5.0 was developed and validated by the Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Faisalabad. This was a survey-based study of 15 farmers divided into 5 groups according to their annual farm turnover. The findings of the study indicated that, although the basic paperwork requirements of GGAP were implementable, clauses related to capital investment and technical record-keeping were not. Results showed that 90-100% of farmers considered risk assessments, training, and documentation on their farms. However, 42-56% of clauses related to record-keeping, installation, visual presentation, and infrastructure development, and 24-37% of clauses related to external testing, health, safety, and hygiene were declared not implementable. The study revealed a need for adapting GGAP standards to Pakistan's unique agricultural conditions, suggesting the development of localized standards for more practical implementation. The study’s findings highlight crucial insights for policymakers and stakeholders in the agriculture sector and suggest the need for target strategies to overcome implementation barriers and optimize the adaptation of GGAP in Pakistan that would help to increase exports of agricultural commodities.


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Hussain SR, Zahid Rashid M, Haidri I, Shafqat U, Mahmood F. Assessing global good agricultural practices standard adoption: insights from fruit and vegetable farmers in Pakistan. Ital J Food Safety [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 26 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];13(1). Available from: https://www.pagepressjournals.org/ijfs/article/view/12144

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