Does hunted wild boar meat meet modern consumer nutritional expectations?


Submitted: 25 July 2023
Accepted: 11 December 2023
Published: 22 February 2024
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The present study aimed to evaluate the nutritional characteristics of hunted wild boar (WB) meat and compare them with those of meat from analogous domestic animals (pigs) reared in two different rearing systems: indoor-intensive (PI) and outdoor-extensive (PO). WB meat showed a lower amount of lipid content compared to pork and a higher antioxidant activity compared to PI and PO. The comparison of the fatty acid composition of WB and domestic pig reveals significant differences in saturated fatty acids (SFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), with WB having the highest PUFA level and the lowest SFA. The omega 6/omega 3 (n-6/n-3) PUFA ratio, PUFA/SFA, atherogenic and thrombogenic indices (AI and TI), as well as the hypocholesterolemic/hypercholesterolemic index (h/H), were calculated. The n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio was higher in pork independently of the rearing system. The PUFA/SFA ratio of WB meat was above the minimum ratio of 0.40 recommended to contribute to a reduction in the risk of coronary diseases in pork from both rearing systems. AI and TI were lower in WB meat compared to commercially reared pigs, while h/H was higher in WB in comparison with pork meat. WB meat shows good nutritional quality; therefore, the use of game meat as a food source could be appropriate and could benefit contemporary consumers looking for “green” and high-nutritional products.


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1.
Di Bella S, Branciari R, Haouet NM, Framboas M, Mercuri ML, Codini M, Roila R, Malimpensa A, Ranucci D. Does hunted wild boar meat meet modern consumer nutritional expectations?. Ital J Food Safety [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 22 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];13(1). Available from: https://www.pagepressjournals.org/ijfs/article/view/11608

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