Dynamic renal scans as a modality for follow-up of flexible ureteroscopy

Submitted: February 17, 2024
Accepted: March 31, 2024
Published: May 13, 2024
Abstract Views: 86
PDF: 54
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Objective: To determine whether dynamic renal scans – DTPA or MAG3 – routinely performed after flexible ureteroscopies (f-URS) could detect the development of an obstruction and thus promote prompt early intervention for kidney preservation.

Patients and methods: In this retrospective study, with all the data recorded prospectively between April 2010 and October 2023, 250 renal units in 242 patients with upper urinary tract stones (UUTS) who underwent ureterorenoscopy by one surgeon in the same medical center were evaluated. Stone-free rate (SFR) was defined as no residual fragments at all using an intraoperative “triple test”. The following characteristics were examined: gender, BMI, age, Hounsfield unit, stone diameter, laterality, renal/ureteral stones, stone-free rate, and auxiliary procedures per renal unit. The Clavien-Dindo classification was used to report complications. Renal units with residual stones were scheduled for a 2nd f-URS. Post- flexible ureteroscopy ureteral obstruction and renal function were detected using renal scan DTPA or MAG-3. The primary outcome was renal/ ureteral obstruction.

Results: The mean patient age was 53 years. The mean stone size was 12.3 mm. Stones in renal pelvis, upper, middle and lower calyces were treated in 9.2% (23), 27.6% (69), and 30.8% (77) of cases, respectively; 44% (110) ureteral stones were also treated. The single- and second-session SFRs were 94.8% and 99.7%, respectively. A third auxiliary procedure was needed in one renal unit (0.4%). The mean number of procedures per renal unit was 1.06 (264/250). Ureteral double-J stents were inserted in 53.6% (134) of the cases. In 37 (14.8%) cases, a stent was placed before surgery. Post-operative complications were minor, with readmission and pain control needed in only two patients (0.8%). No avulsion or perforation of the ureters was observed. In six patients with t1/2 between 10-20 minutes, a second renal scan revealed spontaneous improvement and no obstruction in five patients. One patient with large stones and a history of prior ureteroscopy developed a ureteral stricture (0.4%) and needed treatment with laser endoureterotomy.

Conclusions: Post-flexible ureteroscopy obstruction due to ureteral stricture is very rare. A routine renal scan post-operatively may be used in potentially high-risk patients.

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Asali, M., & Hallak, O. (2024). Dynamic renal scans as a modality for follow-up of flexible ureteroscopy. Archivio Italiano Di Urologia E Andrologia. https://doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2024.12393


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