Clinical characteristics of adult cases with urolithiasis from Turkey: A regional epidemiological study

Submitted: December 11, 2023
Accepted: December 25, 2023
Published: March 4, 2024
Abstract Views: 293
PDF: 98
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Objective: To evaluate the metabolic and clinical characteristics of adult cases with stone disease from a regional part of Turkey.
Methods: The study included 2348 adult patients with sonography and/or computed tomography-proven urinary stones. All cases were given a questionnaire about the epidemiological features of urolithiasis. Aside from the type and severity of stoneforming risk factors, both patient (age, gender, BMI, associated comorbidities, first onset of stone disease, positive family history, educational level) and stone-related (size, number, location, chemical composition, previous stone attacks) factors have been thoroughly assessed. The data were evaluated in multiple aspects to outline the epidemiological features.
Results: The overall mean age value of the cases was 43.3 years, and the M/F ratio was 1.34. The first onset of the disease was found to vary between 15-57 years, with a mean value of 32.4 years. While most of the stones were located in kidney and ureter, calcium-containing stones constituted the most common type (CaOx 69%, CaOxPO4 7%). More than 42% of the cases suffered from multiple stone attacks; positive family history was present in 31.6%. Among the associated comorbidities, hypertension was the most common pathology (45.8%), and the BMI index value was >30 in 31.3% of the cases. 57.7% of the patients had just one stone attack, and 42.2% had recurrent stone formation.
Conclusions: Our findings clearly show that important implications may be extracted from epidemiologic data acquired from local scale research to implement an effective preventative program and closely monitor the patients.

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