Regulation data for the horizontal jump of children and adolescents

  • Rossana Gomez-Campos Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile.
  • Ruben Vidal-Espinoza Universidad Católica Silva Henriquez, Santiago, Chile.
  • Luis Felipe Castelli Correia de Campos Universidad del Bío Bío, Chillán, Chile.
  • Cynthia Lee Andruske Centro de Investigación, CINEMAROS, Arequipa, Chile.
  • Jose Sulla-Torres Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa, Arequipa, Peru.
  • Camilo Urra-Albornoz Escuela de Kinesiología, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomás, Chile.
  • Wilbert Cossio-Bolaños Universidad Privada San Juan Bautista, Lima, Peru.
  • Fernando Alvear-Vasquez Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, Chile.
  • Jorge Mendez-Cornejo Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile.
  • Marco Cossio-Bolaños | Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile.


The Horizontal Jump (HJ) is a daily tool that could be used to categorize the level of muscle fitness performance of the lower limbs. The goal was to compare the muscle fitness with those of international studies and to propose percentiles to assess the HJ performance of children and adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted. A total number of 3023 children and adolescents between the ages of 6.0 to 17.9 were studied. Weight, height, waist circumference (WC), and lower limb muscle fitness were evaluated. The student HJ performance values in Chile were inferior when compared to HJ performance in Brazil, Poland and Europe. For the Greek study, differences occurred only from age 6 to 15 years old. In comparison to Colombia, students showed better muscle fitness performance. These differences appeared in childhood and lasted until the beginning of adolescence. Percentiles were created to assess the lower limb fitness being an easy tool to be used and applied to classify lower limb strength.



PlumX Metrics


Download data is not yet available.


Fernandez-Santos JR, Gonzalez-Montesinos JL, Ruiz JR, Jiménez-Pavón D, Castro-Piñero J. Kinematic analysis of the standing long jump in children 6-to 12-years-old. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science 2018; 22(1); 70-78. DOI:

Council of Europe Committee for the Development of Sport. EUROFIT. Handbook for the EUROFIT Tests of Physical Fitness. Strasbourg, France: Council of Europe, 1993.

Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP). The Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness & Lifestyle Approach (CPAFLA): CSEPHealth & Fitness Program’s Health-Related Appraisal and Counselling Strategy. Ottawa, Canada, 2003.

Artero EG, España-Romero V, Castro-Piñero J, Ruiz J, Jiménez-Pavón D, Aparicio V, Gatto-Cardia M, Baena P, Vicente-Rodríguez G, Castillo MJ, Ortega FB. Criterion-related validity of field-based muscular fitness tests in youth. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2012; 52(3): 263-272.

Ortega FB, Ruiz JR, Castillo MJ, Sjöström M. Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: a powerful marker of health. Int J Obes (Lond) 2008; 32(1): 1-11, 2008.

Cohen D, Gomez-Arbelaez D, Camacho PA, Pinzon S, Hormiga C, Trejos-Suarez J, Duperly J, Lopez-Jaramillo P. Low muscle strength is associated with metabolic risk factors in Colombian children: The ACFIES study. PLoS One 2014; 9(4):e93150, 2014.

Sepúlveda XC, Méndez JC, Duarte CF, Herrera M, Gómez-Campos R, Lazari E, Cossio-Bolanos M. Relationship between body adiposity and horizontal jump in school children and adolescents. Rev Chil Pediatr. 2018; 89(6): 701-708.

Granacher U, Lesinski M, Büsch D, Muehlbauer T, Prieske O, Puta C, and Behm DG. Effects of resistance training in youth athletes on muscular fitness and athletic performance: a conceptual model for long-term athlete development. Front Physiol. 2016; 7: 164. DOI:

Castro-Piñero J, Ortega FB, Artero EG, Girela-Rejón MJ, Mora J, Sjöström M, Ruiz JR. Assessing muscular strength in youth: usefulness of standing long jump as a general index of muscular fitness. J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Jul;24(7):1810-7. DOI:

Ramírez-Vélez R, Martínez M, Correa-Bautista JE, Lobelo F, Izquierdo M, Rodríguez-Rodríguez F, Cristi-Montero C. Normative reference of standing long jump for colombian schoolchildren aged 9–17.9 years: The FUPRECOL Study. J Strength Cond Res. 2017; 31(8):2083-2090. DOI:

Hobold E, Pires-Lopes V, Gómez-Campos R, De Arruda M, Andruske CL, Pacheco-Carrillo J, Cossio-Bolaños MA. Reference standards to assess physical fitness of children and adolescents of Brazil: an approach to the students of the Lake Itaipú region—Brazil. PeerJ 2017; 5: e4032. DOI:

Dobosz J, Mayorga-Vega D, Viciana J. Percentile values of physical fitness levels among polish children aged 7 to 19 years-a population-based study. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2015; Dec;23(4):340-51. DOI:

Saint-Maurice PF, Laurson KR, Kaj M, Csányi T. Establishing normative reference values for standing broad jump among Hungarian youth. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2015; 86(sup1):S37-S44. DOI:

Tomkinson GR, Carver KD, Atkinson F, Daniell ND, Lewis LK, Fitzgerald JS, Lang JJ, Ortega FB. European normative values for physical fitness in children and adolescents aged 9–17 years: results from 2 779 165 Eurofit performances representing 30 countries. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Nov;52(22):1445-14563. DOI:

Gomez-Campos R, De Arruda M, Hobold E, Abella CP, Camargo C, and Cossio-Bolanos MA. Valoración de la Maduración Biológica: Usos y Aplicaciones en el ámbito Escolar. Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte 2013; 6(4):151-160. DOI:

World Medical Association. World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: recommendations guiding medical doctors in biomedical research involving human subjects. France: Ferney-Voltaire, 1989.

Ross WD, and Marfell-Jones M.J. Kinanthropometry. Physiological Testing of Elite Athlete; Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL, USA, 1991; pp. 223–308.

Konstantinos D. Tambalis, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Glykeria Psarra, Stelios Daskalakis, Stavros A. Kavouras, Nickos Geladas, Tokmakidis S, Sidossis LS. Physical fitness normative values for 6–18-year-old Greek boys and girls, using the empirical distribution and the lambda, mu, and sigma statistical method. Eur J Sport Sci. 2016; 16:6:736-746.

Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. Bmj 2000; 320(7244):1240. DOI:

Tambalis KD, Panagiotakos DB, Psarra G, Daskalakis S, Kavouras SA, Geladas N, Tokmakidis S, Sidossis LS. Physical fitness normative values for 6–18-year-old Greek boys and girls, using the empirical distribution and the lambda, mu, and sigma statistical method. Eur J Sport Sci. 2016; 16(6):736-746. DOI:

Gabbett TJ. Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of starters and non-starters in junior rugby league players, aged 13-17 years. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2009; 49(3): 233-39.

Chung LMY, Chow LPY, Chung JWY. Normative reference of standing long jump indicates gender difference in lower muscular strength of pubertal growth. Health 2013; 5: 6-11. DOI:

Fan HB. Optimization Research on Measurement and Evaluation System of strength quality of ShangHai 6-14 Years old Students [Ph.D.thesis], East China Normal University, 2017.

Fry AC, Kraemer WJ. Physical performance characteristics of American collegiate football players. J Strength Cond Res. 1991; 5(3): 126-138.

Przeweda R, Dobosz J. Growth and physical fitness of Polish youths in two successive decades. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2003; 43(4): 465.

Bergier J, Kapka-Skrzypczak L, Bilinski P, Paprzycki P, Wojtyla A. Physical activity of Polish adolescents and young adults according to IPAQ: a population based study. Ann Agric Environ Med.2012; 19(1): 109-115

Sygit K, Kollataj W, Gozdziewska M, Sygit M, Kollataj B, Karwat ID. Lifestyle as an important factor in control of overweight and obesity among schoolchildren from the rural environment. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012; 19(3).

Yang YJ. An Overview of Current Physical Activity Recommendations in Primary Care. Korean J Fam Med 2019; 40(3):135–142. DOI:

Ruiz JR, Ortega FB, Gutierrez A, Meusel D, Sjöström M, Castillo MJ. Health-related fitness assessment in childhood and adolescence: a European approach based on the AVENA, EYHS and HELENA studies. J Public Health. 2006; 14(5): 269-277. DOI:

Golle K, Muehlbauer T, Wick D, Granacher U. Physical fitness percentiles of German children aged 9–12 years: findings from a longitudinal study. PLoS One. 2015; 10(11). DOI:

Catley MJ, Tomkinson GR. Normative health-related fitness values for children: analysis of 85347 test results on 9–17-year-old Australians since 1985. Br J Sports Med. 2013; 47(2): 98-108. DOI:

Ortega FB, Artero EG, Ruiz JR, España-Romero V, Jiménez-Pavón D, Vicente-Rodríguez G, et al. Physical fitness levels among European adolescents: the HELENA study. Br J Sports Med. 2011; 45(1): 20-29. DOI:

Gómez-Campos R, Andruske CL, De Arruda M, Sulla-Torres J, Pacheco-Carrillo J, Urra-Albornoz C, Cossio-Bolaños M. Normative data for handgrip strength in children and adolescents in the Maule Region, Chile: Evaluation based on chronological and biological age. PloS One 2018;13(8). DOI:

Honkala S. World Health Organization approaches for surveys of health behaviour among schoolchildren and for health-promoting schools. Med Princ Pract. 2014; 23(Suppl. 1): 24-31. DOI:

Jakubowski TL, Faigenbaum AD, Lindberg C. Increasing physical activity in children: From evidence to action. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2015; 40(4): 213-219. DOI:

Original Articles
horizontal jump, child health, regulations, health promotion
  • Abstract views: 735

  • PDF: 154
  • HTML: 0
How to Cite
Gomez-Campos, R., Vidal-Espinoza, R., Castelli Correia de Campos, L. F., Andruske, C. L., Sulla-Torres, J., Urra-Albornoz, C., Cossio-Bolaños, W., Alvear-Vasquez, F., Mendez-Cornejo, J., & Cossio-Bolaños, M. (2021). Regulation data for the horizontal jump of children and adolescents. European Journal of Translational Myology, 31(2).

Most read articles by the same author(s)