The effectiveness of two different multimodal training modes on physical performance in elderly

  • Ľudmila Oreská | ludka.oreska@gmail.com Department of Biological and Medical Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • Lucia Slobodova Institute of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Bratislava; Institute of Experimental Endocrinology, Biomedical Research Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • Matej Vajda Department of Biological and Medical Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • Adriana Kaplánová Department of Sport Sciences in Educology and Humanities, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • Veronika Tirpáková Institute of Sports Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Slovak Medical University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • Ján Cvečka Diagnostic Centre of Professor Hamar, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • Gabriel Buzgó Department of Biological and Medical Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • Jozef Ukropec Institute of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • Barbara Ukropcová Department of Biological and Medical Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University, Bratislava; Institute of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Bratislava; Institute of Experimental Endocrinology, Biomedical Research Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • Milan Sedliak Department of Biological and Medical Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.

Abstract

The study compared the effect of 12-week multimodal training programme performed twice a week at the regular exercise facility (REF) with the 12-week multimodal training programme performed three times per week as a part of the research programme (EX). Additionally, the study analysed how the experimental training programme affect the physical performance of cognitive healthy and mild cognitive impaired elderly (MCI). The REF training group included 19 elderly (65.00±3.62 years). The experimental training programme combined cognitively healthy (EXH: n=16; 66.3±6.42 years) and age-matched individuals with MCI (EXMCI: n=14; 66.00±4.79 years). 10m maximal walking speed (10mMWS), Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test (FTSS), maximal and relative voluntary contraction (MVC and rel. MVC) were analysed. The REF group improved in 10mMWS (t=2.431, p=.026), the MVC (t=-3.528, p=.002) and relative MVC (t=3.553, p=.002). The EXH group improved in FTSS (t=5.210, P=.000), MVC (t=2.771, p=.018) and relative MVC (t=-3.793, p=.004). EXMCI improved in FTSS (t=2.936, p=.012) and MVC (t=-2.276, p=.040). According to results, both training programmes sufficiently improved walking speed and muscle strength in cognitively healthy elderly. Moreover, the experimental training programme improved muscle strength in MCI elderly.

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Published
2020-04-01
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Issue
Section
Focus on 30 Years of Translational Mobility Medicine - Original Articles
Supporting Agencies
European Regional Development Fund, Slovak Research and Development Agency, Comenius University
Keywords:
older adults, real-life implementation, multimodal exercise training, intention-to-treat strategy
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How to Cite
Oreská, Ľudmila, Slobodova, L., Vajda, M., Kaplánová, A., Tirpáková, V., Cvečka, J., Buzgó, G., Ukropec, J., Ukropcová, B., & Sedliak, M. (2020). The effectiveness of two different multimodal training modes on physical performance in elderly. European Journal of Translational Myology, 30(1), 88-97. https://doi.org/10.4081/ejtm.2019.8820