Utility of uroflowmetry during the follow-up of children affected by balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO)
AbstractIntroduction: To evaluate the outcome of circumcised patients with balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) using uroflowmetry (UF).
Methods: Between 2011 and 2013, 180 children underwent a circumcision for phimosis. The foreskin was examined on microscopy. Patients with an histological diagnosis of BXO were included in the study. Patients with BXO underwent UF two weeks after surgery and treatment with clobetasol propionate ointment. Patients were re-evaluated at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months postoperatively clinically and using UF.
Results: 75 of 180 circumcised patients (41.6%) were included. At two weeks, Thirtytwo of 75 patients (42.7%) displayed a pathological UF. At six months, 15 patients (20%) had pathological UF and a new cycle of clobetasol was prescribed. At one year, 10 patients (13.3%) displayed patholgocial UF and underwent progressive urethral dilatation or meatoplasty. At 18 months, 71 patients (94.7%) displayed regular UF, 3 underwent a meatoplasty and one a staged urethroplasty for a severe urethral stenosis. At two years, UF was normal in 74 out of 75 (98.7%).
Conclusions: We recommend to send for hystological examination all foreskins excised after circumcision. We believe that a clinical and uroflowmetric follow-up of pediatric patients with BXO is mandatory for a prompt identification of post-voiding dysfunction.
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Copyright (c) 2018 Salvatore Arena, Tiziana Russo, Pietro Impellizzeri, Saveria Parisi, Patrizia Perrone, Carmelo Romeo
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