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Low-load high-velocity resistance exercises improve strength and functional capacity in diabetic patients

Rodrigo Celes, Martim Bottaro, Eduardo Cadore, Jane Dullius, Fabiano Schwartz, Filipe Luzine
  • Rodrigo Celes
    University Center of Federal District, UDF, Brasília; University of Brasília, Brasilia, Brazil | celes.rodrigo@gmail.com
  • Martim Bottaro
    University of Brasília, Brasilia, Brazil
  • Eduardo Cadore
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
  • Jane Dullius
    University of Brasília, Brasilia, Brazil
  • Fabiano Schwartz
    University of Brasília, Brasilia, Brazil
  • Filipe Luzine
    University of Brasília, Brasilia, Brazil

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of low-load high-velocity resistance exercises on neuromuscular and functional outcomes in patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2D) during the early-phase of resistance training. Thirty participants with T2D performed 18 training sessions (6 weeks – 3x week) in one of two groups: low-load high-velocity exercises (LLHV, n=15, 62.1±10.5 years) or recreational activities (RA, n=15 56.7 ± 19.4 years). LLHV performed resistance exercises with 3x 8reps as fast as possible with 50-60% 1RM. RA performed light activities. Strength, power, and functional tests were assessed. There was significant increasing in the knee extension peak-torque at 60º/s (7.6%) and 180º/s (12.2%), rate of force development in the LLHV group (P<0.05), whereas there were no changes in the RA group. Significant increases in functional test were observed in the LLHV group (P<0.01) with no changes in the RA group. In conclusion, the LLHV induced marked improvements in neuromuscular parameters, as well as in the functional capacity of participants with T2D.

Keywords

Type 2 diabetes; Power output; Rate of force development; Rate of velocity development; Strength training

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Submitted: 2016-09-19 03:57:40
Published: 2017-06-27 11:48:18
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