To contrast and reverse skeletal muscle weakness by Full-Body In-Bed Gym in chronic COVID-19 pandemic syndrome

  • Ugo Carraro Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Italy; CIR-Myo - Interdepartmental Research Center of Myology, University of Padova, Italy; A-C M-C Foundation for Translational Myology, Padova, Italy.
  • Giovanna Albertin CIR-Myo - Interdepartmental Research Center of Myology, University of Padova, Italy; A-C M-C Foundation for Translational Myology, Padova, Italy.
  • Alessandro Martini Department of Neuroscience, University of Padova, Italy; Padova University Research Center "I Approve", University of Padov, Italy.
  • Walter Giuriati Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Italy.
  • Diego Guidolin Department of Neuroscience, Section of Human Anatomy, University of Padova, Italy.
  • Stefano Masiero CIR-Myo - Interdepartmental Research Center of Myology, University of Padova, Italy; Department of Neuroscience, Section of Rehabilitation, University of Padova, Italy.
  • Helmut Kern Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Rehabilitation Research, St. Pölten, Austria; Physiko- und Rheumatherapie, St. Pölten, Austria.
  • Christian Hofer Physiko- und Rheumatherapie, St. Pölten, Austria.
  • Andrea Marcante UOC Recovery and Functional Rehabilitation, Lonigo Hospital, Azienda ULSS 8 Berica, Lonigo, Italy.
  • Barbara Ravara | Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Italy; CIR-Myo - Interdepartmental Research Center of Myology, University of Padova, Italy; A&C M-C Foundation for Translational Myology, Padova, Italy; Department of Neuroscience, Section of Human Anatomy, University of Padova, Italy.


Mobility-impaired persons, either very old or younger but suffering with systemic neuromuscular disorders or chronic organ failures, spend small amounts of time for daily physical activity, contributing to aggravate their poor mobility by resting muscle atrophy. Sooner or later the limitations to their mobility enforce them to bed and to more frequent hospitalizations. We include among these patients at risk those who are negative for the SARS-COV-2 infection, but suffering with COVID-19 pandemic syndrome. Beside managements of psychological symptoms, it is mandatory to offer to the last group physical rehabilitation approaches easy to learn and self-managed at home. Inspired by the proven capability to recover skeletal muscle contractility and strength by home-based volitional exercises and functional electrical stimulation, we suggest also for chronic COVID-19 pandemic syndrome a 10–20 min long daily routine of easy and safe physical exercises that can activate, and recover from weakness, the main 400 skeletal muscles used for every-day mobility activities. Persons can do many of them in bed (Full-Body in-Bed Gym), and hospitalized patients can learn this light training before leaving the hospital. It is, indeed, an extension of well-established cardiovascular-respiratory rehabilitation training performed after heavy surgical interventions. Blood pressure readings, monitored before and after daily routine, demonstrate a transient decrease in peripheral resistance due to increased blood flow of many muscles. Continued regularly, Full-Body in-Bed Gym may help maintaining independence of frail people, including those suffering with the COVID-19 pandemic syndrome.



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Original Articles
skeletal muscle weakness, home-based Full-Body in-Bed Gym, older olds, borderline mobility impaired persons, COVID-19 pandemic syndrome
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How to Cite
Carraro, U., Albertin, G., Martini, A., Giuriati, W., Guidolin, D., Masiero, S., Kern, H., Hofer, C., Marcante, A., & Ravara, B. (2021). To contrast and reverse skeletal muscle weakness by Full-Body In-Bed Gym in chronic COVID-19 pandemic syndrome. European Journal of Translational Myology, 31(1).