Use of low volume, high effort resistance training to manage blood pressure in hypertensive patients inside a public hospital: a proof of concept study

  • Camila Simõe Seguro Faculty of Physical Education and Dance, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.
  • Ana Cristina Silva Rebelo Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9214-5025
  • Anderson Garcia Silva Faculty of Physical Education and Dance, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.
  • Matheus Malaquias Alves dos Santos Faculty of Physical Education and Dance, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.
  • John Sebastião Cardoso Faculty of Physical Education and Dance, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.
  • Valéria Apolinário Hypertension League, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.
  • Paulo Cesar Veiga Jardim Hypertension League, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.
  • Paulo Gentil | paulogentil@hotmail.com Faculty of Physical Education and Dance, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia; Hypertension League, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2459-4977

Abstract

Physical exercise has been shown to have an important role in the prevention and treatment of arterial hypertension. However, the general exercise recommendations are time consuming, which might be detrimental to exercise adoption. Based on this, minimal doses of exercise have been suggested as an alternative approach and this report investigates the feasibility and effects of low volume and high effort resistance training for hypertensive patients in a hospital setting. This is a pilot non-randomized prospective study where 15 sedentary hypertensive patients (11 women and 4 men) performed 24 resistance training sessions over 12 weeks at a public hospital. The resistance training sessions consisted of two sets of four exercises, with a rest interval of two minutes between sets. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured 10 minutes before and 10 minutes after each training. No injuries or intercurrence were reported during the study. SBP decreased significantly when compared the first and last sessions, when the measures were performed at rest (152 ± 16 mmHg vs. 122 ± 9 mmHg vs, p<0.05), and after (137 ± 13 mmHg vs. 115 ± 5 mmHg, p<0.05) the resistance training session. Similarly, DBP also decreased significantly when the values from the last session were compared with the first session, when measured at rest (83 ± 14 mmHg vs 73 ± 9 mmHg, p<0.05). Low volume and high effort resistance training seems to be a feasible non-pharmacological strategy to help controlling blood pressure in hypertensive patients within a hospital.

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Published
2021-01-08
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Issue
Section
Strength, Conditioning & Physical Exercise - Original Articles
Keywords:
exercise is medicine, aging, cardiopathy, diabetes, resistance exercise, strength training
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How to Cite
Seguro, C. S., Rebelo, A. C. S., Silva, A. G., Santos, M. M. A. dos, Cardoso, J. S., Apolinário, V., Jardim, P. C. V., & Gentil, P. (2021). Use of low volume, high effort resistance training to manage blood pressure in hypertensive patients inside a public hospital: a proof of concept study. European Journal of Translational Myology. https://doi.org/10.4081/ejtm.2020.9547