The Padel phenomenon after the COVID-19: an Italian cross-sectional survey of post-lockdown injuries

Submitted: 1 February 2024
Accepted: 9 April 2024
Published: 24 April 2024
Abstract Views: 282
PDF: 78
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.


The impact of COVID-19 on sport and physical activity has been a subject of considerable interest and concern. Padel satisfies the desire for social interaction and a return to sport after a period of inactivity. The aim of this study is to show a correlation between return to sport and related injuries in a population of Padel players. The study was carried out in a survey mode, consisting of a questionnaire with four sections and fifty questions on the biographical data of the individual, lifestyle before and after the pandemic, knowledge and playing level of Padel and injuries. The self-administered online questionnaire was developed and validated by a panel of physiotherapists, orthopaedic surgeons, and physiatrists with experience in clinical practice and/or musculoskeletal research. The study was conducted in a survey mode from a smartphone or computer via a link to a multiple-choice document. The link to the questionnaire was distributed via mailing lists, social media, and chat applications.

Habas K, Nganwuchu C, Shahzad F, et al. Resolution of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 2020;18:1201-11. DOI:

Umakanthan S, Sahu P, Ranade AV, et al. Origin, transmission, diagnosis and management of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Postgrad Med J 2020;96:753-8.

Beccia F, Di Pilla A, Causio FA, et al. Narrative review of the COVID-19 pandemic's first two years in Italy. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022;19:192315443. DOI:

Pietrobelli A, Pecoraro L, Ferruzzi A, et al. Effects of COVID-19 lockdown on lifestyle behaviors in children with obesity living in Verona, Italy: a longitudinal study. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2020;28:1382-5. DOI:

Alito A, Rodolico C, Palco M, Portaro S. Steroid management in a patient with myasthenia gravis undergoing COVID-19 vaccination. Innov Clin Neurosci 2022;19:8.

Caroppo E, Mazza M, Sannella A, et al. Will nothing be the same again? Changes in lifestyle during COVID-19 pandemic and consequences on mental health. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021;18:18168433. DOI:

Paludo AC, Karpinski K, Silva SEF, et al. Effect of home training during the COVID-19 lockdown on physical performance and perceptual responses of team-sport athletes: a mini-review. Biol Sport 2022;39:1095-102. DOI:

Carraro U, Marcante A, Ravara B, et al. Skeletal muscle weakness in older adults home-restricted due to COVID-19 pandemic: a role for full-body in-bed gym and functional electrical stimulation. Aging Clin Exp Res 2021;33:2053-9. DOI:

Maccarone MC, Masiero S. The important impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the reorganization of a rehabilitation unit in a national healthcare system hospital in Italy: lessons from our experience. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2021;100:327-30. DOI:

Washif JA, Farooq A, Krug I, et al. Training during the COVID-19 lockdown: knowledge, beliefs, and practices of 12,526 athletes from 142 countries and six continents. Sports Med 2022;52:933-48. DOI:

Psilander N, Eftestol E, Cumming KT, et al. Effects of training, detraining, and retraining on strength, hypertrophy, and myonuclear number in human skeletal muscle. J Appl Physiol (1985) 2019;126:1636-45. DOI:

Priego Quesada JI, Sanchis Almenara M, Kerr ZY, Alcantara E. Examination of the risk factors associated with injured recreational padel players in Spain. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2018;58:98-105. DOI:

Demeco A, de Sire A, Marotta N, et al. Match analysis, physical training, risk of injury and rehabilitation in padel: overview of the literature. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022;19:19074153. DOI:

Courel-Ibanez J, Sanchez-Alcaraz Martinez BJ, Munoz Marin D. Exploring game dynamics in padel: implications for assessment and training. J Strength Cond Res 2019;33:1971-7. DOI:

Sanchez-Alcaraz BJ, Courel-Ibanez J. The role of padel in improving physical fitness and health promotion: progress, limitations, and future perspectives-a narrative review. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022;19:19116582. DOI:

Sanchez-Alcaraz BJ, Martinez-Gallego R, Llana S, et al. Ball impact position in recreational male padel players: implications for training and injury management. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021;18:18020435. DOI:

Courel-Ibanez J, Sanchez-Alcaraz Martinez BJ, Canas J. Game performance and length of rally in professional padel players. J Hum Kinet 2017;55:161-9. DOI:

Castillo-Lozano R, Casuso-Holgado MJ. Incidence of musculoskeletal sport injuries in a sample of male and female recreational paddle-tennis players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017;57:816-21. DOI:

Altomare D, Fusco G, Bertolino E, et al. Evidence-based treatment choices for acute lateral ankle sprain: a comprehensive systematic review. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022;26:1876-84.

Garibaldi R, Altomare D, Sconza C, et al. Conservative management vs. surgical repair in degenerative rotator cuff tears: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021;25:609-19.

Cuschieri, S. The STROBE guidelines. Saudi J Anaesth 2019;13:S31-S34. DOI:

World Medical Association. World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. JAMA 2013;310:2191-4. DOI:

Ball HL. Conducting online surveys. J Hum Lact 2019;35:413-7. DOI:

Puntanen, S. Linear regression analysis: theory and computing by Xin Yan, Xiao Gang Su. Int Statist Rev 2010;78:144. DOI:

Sardella A, Chiara E, Alibrandi A, et al. Changes in cognitive and functional status and in quality of life of older outpatients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Gerontology 2022;68:1285-90. DOI:

Salman D, Vishnubala D, Le Feuvre P, et al. Returning to physical activity after covid-19. BMJ 2021;372:m4721. DOI:

Martin-Moya R, Tejada-Medina V. Considerations after lockdown and overcoming Covid-19: A systematic review for returning to safe physical exercise practice. Sci Sports 2023; doi:10.1016/j.scispo.2022.10.003. DOI:

Jimeno-Almazan A, Pallares JG, Buendia-Romero A, et al. Post-COVID-19 syndrome and the potential benefits of exercise. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021;18:18105329. DOI:

Casasco M, Iellamo F, Scorcu M, et al. Return to play after SARS-CoV-2 infection in competitive athletes of distinct sport disciplines in Italy: A FMSI (Italian Federation of Sports Medicine) study. J Cardiovasc Dev Dis 2022;9:9020059. DOI:

Casasco M, Pigozzi F, Porcelli S, et al. FMSI guidelines for return to physical activity after coronavirus pandemics lockdown. Medicina dello Sport 2020;73:9. DOI:

Bull FC, Al-Ansari SS, Biddle S, et al. World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Br J Sports Med 2020;54:1451-62. DOI:

Robinson PG, Foster C, Murray A. Public health considerations regarding golf during the COVID-19 pandemic: a narrative review. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2021;7:e001089. DOI:

Schumacher YO, Tabben M, Hassoun K, et al. Resuming professional football (soccer) during the COVID-19 pandemic in a country with high infection rates: a prospective cohort study. Br J Sports Med 2021;55:1092-8. DOI:

Pradas F, Cadiz MP, Nestares MT, et al. Effects of padel competition on brain health-related myokines. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021;18:18116042. DOI:

Segui-Gomez M, Miller M. Injury prevention and control: reflections on the state and the direction of the field. Salud Publica Mex 2008;50:S101-11. DOI:

Cross KM, Serenelli C. Training and equipment to prevent athletic head and neck injuries. Clin Sports Med 2003;22:639-67. DOI:

Tagliafico AS, Torri L, Righetto R. Injuries in non-professional padel tennis players. Results of a survey of the Italian Federation of Tennis in Liguria, Italy. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2023;63:566-9. DOI:

Muñoz D, Coronado M, Robles-Gil MC, et al. Incidence of upper body injuries in amateur padel players. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022;19:16858. DOI:

Park SY, Lee IH. Effects on training and detraining on physical function, control of diabetes and anthropometrics in type 2 diabetes; a randomized controlled trial. Physiother Theory Pract 2015;31:83-8. DOI:

Bonsu B, Terblanche E. The training and detraining effect of high-intensity interval training on post-exercise hypotension in young overweight/obese women. Eur J Appl Physiol 2016;116:77-84. DOI:

Kim J, Yoon H. Does obesity affect the severity of exercise-induced muscle injury? J Obes Metab Syndr 2021;30:132-40. DOI:

Jayanthi N, Kleithermes S, Dugas L, et al. Risk of injuries associated with sport specialization and intense training patterns in young athletes: a longitudinal clinical case-control study. Orthop J Sports Med 2020;8:2325967120922764. DOI:

Alito, A., Leonardi, G., Portaro, S., Fenga, D., Filardi, V., Bruschetta, A., Borzelli, D., Bonanno, F., Sconza, C., & Tisano, A. (2024). The Padel phenomenon after the COVID-19: an Italian cross-sectional survey of post-lockdown injuries. European Journal of Translational Myology.


Download data is not yet available.