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Vanishing lung emphysema during chemotherapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma

Ivana Castaniere, Roberto Tonelli, Sofia Taddei, Stefania Taschini, Riccardo Fantini, Alessandro Marchioni, Marisa Covi, Enrico M. Clini
  • Ivana Castaniere
    Respiratory Diseases Unit, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy
  • Roberto Tonelli
    Respiratory Diseases Unit, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy | roberto.tonelli@me.com
  • Sofia Taddei
    Respiratory Diseases Unit, Santa Maria Nuova Hospital, Reggio Emilia, Italy
  • Stefania Taschini
    Radiology Unit, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy
  • Riccardo Fantini
    Respiratory Diseases Unit, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy
  • Alessandro Marchioni
    Respiratory Diseases Unit, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy
  • Marisa Covi
    Respiratory Diseases Unit, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy
  • Enrico M. Clini
    Respiratory Diseases Unit, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy

Abstract

We report the case of a 79-year-old man with a tobacco smoke-related left dystrophic bullous emphysema that showed a considerable recovery of the cystic abnormalities during chemotherapy for pleural malignant mesothelioma. We suggest that the disappearance of the dystrophic emphysema could be explained by the combined effect of chemotherapy and pleural disease. We briefly review the literature and we discuss the possible mechanism of this unforeseen manifestation.

Keywords

Mesothelioma; Emphysema.

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Submitted: 2018-01-19 17:45:40
Published: 2018-07-20 09:45:01
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Copyright (c) 2018 Ivana Castaniere, Roberto Tonelli, Sofia Taddei, Stefania Taschini, Riccardo Fantini, Alessandro Marchioni, Marisa Covi, Enrico M. Clini

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