Lötzerich: Effects of Compression on Performance and Regeneration

Effects of Compression on Performance and Regeneration





The benefits of stockings in sports are discussed under various conditions. The current results are evaluated with different methods like treadmill running, bicycle ergometers, jumping performances or peak power. Furthermore, the compression of stockings varied from elastic clothes with unknown compression to less elastic stockings, but mainly compression class I or II are used. Different manufacturers of compression garments (different compression values, production tolerances, fitting problems) are the reason that there is no comparability between the different research results. Currently, no study shows a decrease of performance caused by compression garments. For example, in a maximum treadmill running test or in a 40 km cycling time trail, increased performance could be demonstrated when athletes wore compression garments.1,2 Taken together, positive effects of performance or regeneration or well-being caused by compression garments are shown in 60% of the current studies. Optimal recovery is the guarantee to positively reach a higher training frequency in combination with higher intensities. The advantage of compression garments during regeneration is that athletes need no time in comparison to others recovery strategies like massage, active recovery, cryotherapy, contrast temperature water immersion, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, stretching, humidification therapy or electrostimulation. The positive effects on delayed onset muscle soreness or rating of perceived exertion are clearly shown in the majority of studies after 24, 48 or 72 h. But there are no or only little but not significant changes in performance (endurance, strength) or biological markers like, CK, CrP, myoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase, interleukin (IL)-6 or IL-10. Finally, athletes and coaches have only little knowledge of the benefit of stockings in recovery. On the other hand a lot of marathon runners and soccer players are using the stocking during competition. Therefore, we need detailed and basic information about the positive effects of stockings in all kind of sports.

References

1. 

W Kemmler, S von Stengel, C Köckritz. Effect of compression stockings on running performance in men runners. J Strength Cond Res 2009;23:101-5.

2. 

MJ Hamlin, CJ Mitchell, FD Ward. Effect of compression garments on short-term recovery of repeated sprint and 3-km running performance in rugby union players. J Strength Cond Res 2012;26:2975-82.

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