Identification of mosquito species and determination of population density in the Taif governorate, Saudi Arabia

Submitted: 8 August 2020
Accepted: 26 February 2021
Published: 26 April 2021
Abstract Views: 2393
PDF: 746
HTML: 10
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.


The surveillance of mosquitoes is the primary method for protecting humans from the spread of dangerous diseases such as malaria and dengue fever transmitted by certain mosquito species. The present study aimed to survey and identify mosquito species in the Taif governorate to determine their medical importance and monitor their distribution across seasons. A black hole light trap was used to collect adult mosquitoes, with four readings per month over an entire year recorded. A total of 3796 adult mosquitoes were collected, and 12 species were identified. All species belonged to the following genera: Culex, Aedes, Anopheles, Culiseta, and Lutzia; however, mosquito genera of medical importance (i.e., Culex, Aedes, and Anopheles) were examined in the present study. Adult mosquito species occurred throughout the entire year, with peaks of density and activity during summer and autumn (24-30°C), confirming that environmental temperature plays a key role in mosquito existence and distribution. This study might provide evidence regarding the spread of mosquitoes and creates a database of the mosquito species in the Taif governorate, which would assist in pest control programs.



PlumX Metrics


Download data is not yet available.


ABDULLAH M. A., MERDAN A. I., 1995 - Distribution and ecology of the mosquito fauna in the southwestern Saudi Arabia. - J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol. 25(3): 815-837.
ALAHME, A. M., MUNAWAR K., KHALIL S. M., HARBACH R. E., 2019 - Assessment and an updated list of the mosquitoes of Saudi Arabia. - Parasites & vectors. 12(1): 356. DOI:
ALAHMED A. M., NAEEM M., KHEIR S. M., SALLAM M. F., 2015 - Ecological distribution modeling of two malaria mosquito vectors using geographical information system in Al-Baha Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. - PAK J ZOOL. 47(6): 1797-1806.
ALAHMED A. M., 2012 - Mosquito fauna (Diptera: Culicidae) of the Eastern Region of Saudi Arabia and their seasonal abundance. - J. King Saud Univ. Sci. 24(1): 55-62. DOI:
ALAHMED A. M., Al KURIJI M. A., KHEIR S. M., AL SOGOOR D. A., SALAMA, H. A., 2010 - Distribution and seasonal abundance of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Najran Region, Saudi Arabia. - Studia dipterological. 17: 13-27.
ALAHMED A. M., Al KURIJI M. A., KHEIR S. M., ALAHMEDI S. A., Al HATABBI M.J. Al GASHMARI M.A., 2009 - Mosquito fauna (Diptera: Culicidae) and seasonal activity in Makka Al Mukarramah Region, Saudi Arabia. - J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol. 39(3): 991-1013.
ALIKHAN M., Al GHAMDI K., MAHYOUB J. A., 2014 - Aedes mosquito species in western Saudi Arabia. - Journal of insect science. 14. DOI:
Al-GHAMDI K., MAHYOUB J., 2009 - Role of climatic factors in the seasonal abundance of Aedes aegypti L. and dengue fever cases in Jeddah province of Saudi Arabia. - Current World Environment. 4(2): 307. DOI:
Al-GHAMDI K., ALIKHAN M., MAHYOUB J., AFIFI Z. I., 2008 - Studies on identification and population dynamics of anopheline mosquitoes from Jeddah Province of Saudi Arabia. - Biosci. Biotechnol. Res. Commun. 1: 19-24.
BUTTIKER W., 1981 - Observations on urban mosquitoes in Saudi Arabia. - Fauna of Saudi Arabia. 3: 472-479.
EL-KHEREJI M. A., ALAHMED A. M., KHEIR S. M., 2007 - Survey and seasonal activity of adult mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia. - AGR FOOD SCI. Centre Res. Bull. 152: 5-17.
‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏ HALES S., DE WET N., MAIDONALD J., WOODWARD A., 2002 - Potential effect of population and climate changes on global distribution of dengue fever: an empirical model. - The Lancet. 360(9336): 830-834. DOI:
HASSAN M. I., KENAWY M. A., AL ASHRY H. A., SHOBRAK M., 2017 - Influence of climatic factors on the abundance of Culex pipiens and Cx. quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) adults in the Western Coast of Saudi Arabia. - J. entomol. acarol. res. 49(1). DOI:
KHAN M. A., ELHOSSARY S., KHAN I. A., AL ZAHRANI M. H., AL ZAHRANI F. S., AL BASHRI F. M., 2018 - The impact of climatic variables with GIS application on the abundance of medically important mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
KHEIR S. M., ALAHMED A. M., AL KURIJI M. A., AL ZUBYANI S. F., 2010 - Distribution and seasonal activity of mosquitoes in al Madinah Al Munwwrah, Saudi Arabia- J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol. 40(1): 215-227.
MAHYOUB J. A., AL-HARBI O. S., AL-GHAMDI K. M., MANGOUD A. A., AL-SOLAMI H. M., 2015 - Population dynamics of different mosquito genera and species in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. . - Biosci. Biotechnol. Res. Commun. 8: 116-125.
MAHYOUB J. A., GHRAMH H. A., AL-GHAMDI K. H., FAROOQI N., 2013 - The Potency of Aedes species in transmitting dengue fever virus with evaluating the susceptibility of vector larval stages to some insecticides. - Egypt. Acad. J. Biol. Sci. C, Physiology and Molecular Biology. 5(2): 109-115. DOI:
MAHYOUB J. A., 2011 - Study of the seasonal activity and dynamic fluctuation of medically important species of mosquitoes with reference to testing the susceptibility of the dominant species to some insecticides in Jeddah. Unpublished PhD thesis, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia.
MATTINGLY P. F., KNIGHT K. L., 1956 - The mosquitoes of Arabia. I. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). - B. Entomology. 4(3).
PAVELA R., BENELLI, G., 2016 - Ethnobotanical knowledge on botanical repellents employed in the African region against mosquito vectors–a review. - Experimental parasitology. 167: 103-108. DOI:
REITER P., 2001 - Climate change and mosquito-borne disease. - Environmental health perspectives. 109(suppl 1): 141-161. DOI:
RUEDA L. M., 2007- Global diversity of mosquitoes (Insecta: Diptera: Culicidae) in freshwater. In Freshwater animal diversity assessment. - Springer, Dordrecht.‏: 477-487. DOI:
SHAMAN J., DAY J. F., 2007 - Reproductive phase locking of mosquito populations in response to rainfall frequency. - PLoS One. 2(3). DOI:
SOLTANIN Z., KESHAVARZI D., 2016 - Species composition of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Farashband district, southwest of Iran. - J. entomol. acarol. res. 48(3): 372-377. DOI:
YAMANA T. K., ELTAHIR E. A., 2013 - Incorporating the effects of humidity in a mechanistic model of Anopheles gambiae mosquito population dynamics in the Sahel region of Africa. - Parasites & vectors. 6(1): 235. DOI:

How to Cite

Alghamdi, T., Al Zahrani, M., Gharsan, F., Al Ghamdi, K., & Mahyoub, J. (2021). Identification of mosquito species and determination of population density in the Taif governorate, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research, 53(1).