Efficacy of some botanical insecticides against Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on chrysanthemum

Submitted: 11 December 2023
Accepted: 17 March 2024
Published: 10 April 2024
Abstract Views: 1150
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An evaluation of various botanical insecticides to control Aphis gossypii and its impact on aphid population dynamics on chrysanthemum plants was investigated. In order to control A. gossypii on chrysanthemum, the effectiveness of several botanical insecticides extracted from Melia azedarach, Toona sinensis, and Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium was investigated in the current study. The research was carried out in the experimental field of the Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute under plastic house conditions. Five concentrations, i.e., 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, and 3.5 g/L of three plant extracts, M. azedarach, T. sinensis, and C. cinerariaefolium, were sprayed on chrysanthemum cultivar White Fiji after 28 to 84 days after planting. A. gossypii had a dynamic population that changed according to the plant’s developmental stages. In vegetative growth, the alate adult and nymphal stages were dominant, and the population of nymphs increased along the plant ages. The insect colonized young leaf surfaces in the terminal apices. During the reproductive stages, the population of alate adults diminished, and the distribution of the insect extended to mature, old leaves, flower buds, and bloomed flowers. The application of several botanical insecticides revealed various responses of aphid populations. Among the tested insecticides, C. cinerariaefolium extract at 3.0 and 3.5 g/L demonstrated the highest average percentage efficacy (76 and 72%) and was the most consistent in suppressing the population. The results of this study indicate the potential efficacy of botanical insecticides against A. gossypii suggesting a different approach to efficient and environment-friendly chrysanthemum pest management.

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Supporting Agencies

Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia

Hutapea, D., Rahardjo, I. B., Rachmawati, F., Yulia, N. D., & Budiarto, K. (2024). Efficacy of some botanical insecticides against <em>Aphis gossypii</em> Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on chrysanthemum. Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research, 56(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jear.2024.12173


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