Association of microorganisms of reproductive tract of women with vaginal microbiome disorders

  • Tetyana V. Sklyar Department of Microbiology, Virology and Biotechnology, Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.
  • Olga S. Voronkova | voronkova_olga@inbox.ru Department of Microbiology, Virology and Biotechnology, Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3380-6871
  • Oleksandr V. Krysenko Department of Microbiology, Virology and Biotechnology, Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.
  • Maryna H. Papiashvili Independent Laboratory INVITRO LLC, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.
  • Tetyana M. Shevchenko Department of Clinical Laboratory Diagnostic, Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.
  • Albert I. Vinnikov Department of Microbiology, Virology and Biotechnology, Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.

Abstract

Disorders of the microbiome of the reproductive tract of women is quite common and can have significant consequences for the woman and for her sexual partners or to the fetus during pregnancy. The study of vaginal microbiome and biological properties of same microorganisms is a necessary step for choice the treatment strategy. The aim of research was to analyze qualitative and quantitative composition of microbiome of the vagina of women using the test-system Femoflor-16 and to study the ability of staphylococci strains to biofilm-formation. Using molecular genetic methods for detecting of microorganisms disorders of vaginal microbiome was confirmed in 92.7% of the surveyed women. It our study, 21 (41.2%) cases of dysbiosis were found to accompany infectious diseases. Candida spp., Mycoplasma hominis, M. genitalium and Ureaplasma (urealyticum + parvum) showed overwhelming. Most of the pathogens detected were a monoinfection (71%), with two-agent associations accounting for only 29% of the cases. The predominant associations of opportunistic bacteria, detected during disorders of vaginal microbiome, were Gardnerella vaginalis + Prevotella bivia + Porphyromonas spp. that found in 50.9% of patients and Megasphaera spp. + Veillonella spp. + Dialister spp. – found in 34.5% of patients. Among cases of monoinfection the most often found opportunistic pathogens were Eubacterium spp. – 50.9% of cases and Staphylococcus spp. – 49.1% of cases: 92.6% of these were identified as Staphylococcus epidermidis and 7.4% – as Staphylococcus saprophyticus. 44% of S. epidermidis strains were able to form biofilm. None of S. saprophyticus strains was film-forming.

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Published
2016-12-22
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Original Articles
Keywords:
disorders of microbiome, vagina, opportunistic and pathogenic bacteria, staphylococci, biofilm-formation
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How to Cite
Sklyar, T. V., Voronkova, O. S., Krysenko, O. V., Papiashvili, M. H., Shevchenko, T. M., & Vinnikov, A. I. (2016). Association of microorganisms of reproductive tract of women with vaginal microbiome disorders. Microbiologia Medica, 31(4). https://doi.org/10.4081/mm.2016.5882