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School health services in Enugu East, Nigeria: perspectives from a resourcepoor setting

Adaobi I. Bisi-Onyemaechi, Afonne N. Akani, Anthony N. Ikefuna, Beckie N. Tagbo, Josephat M. Chinawa, Ugo N. Chikani
  • Afonne N. Akani
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Port Harcourt Rivers State, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
  • Anthony N. Ikefuna
    Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Nigeria
  • Beckie N. Tagbo
    Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Nigeria
  • Josephat M. Chinawa
    Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Nigeria
  • Ugo N. Chikani
    Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Nigeria

Abstract

School health services (SHS) have widespread impact on the health of a large number of children with implications on access to primary health care especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess health services in primary schools in Enugu East Nigeria. Thirty-three head teachers of primary schools in Enugu east Nigeria and officials of Ministry of Education were interviewed using a questionnaire adapted from school health evaluation scale. Four private schools had health personnel. Only six private schools had a health room. Two public schools had a functional first aid box. There were no health records available in any of the schools. School lunch was given by only one private school. Of a maximum of 45, public and private schools had a mean score of 10.3 and 12.7 respectively on the school health evaluation scale (P=0.01). Three schools only attained the minimum acceptable score of 19. Health services are at a minimal level in primary schools in Enugu East Nigeria. A state school health policy should be developed through inter-sectoral collaboration of the relevant stakeholders to use the platform provided by schools to ensure access to primary health care and also act as bridge for more formal medical care for school children.

Keywords

School health services; Enugu; Nigeria

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Submitted: 2016-10-23 01:26:22
Published: 2017-08-29 11:02:22
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Copyright (c) 2017 Adaobi Ijeoma Bisi-Onyemaechi, Nwadiuto A Akani, Anthony N Ikefuna, Beckie N Tagbo, Josephat M Chinawa, Ugo N Chikani

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
 
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