LAPAROSCOPIC APPENDECTOMY AS A CARE MODEL OF "FAST TRACK SURGERY"

Submitted: 10 January 2012
Accepted: 10 January 2012
Published: 10 January 2012
Abstract Views: 1252
PDF: 1366
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"Fast track surgery" is a model of care pathway that is gradually replacing and incorporating all the other models so far applied in surgery. In particular, this is possible thanks to minimally invasive procedures widely disseminated for the several benefits they offer. The authors present a preliminary study of laparoscopic appendectomy using endo-GIA as a model of fast track surgery. At the Department of Pediatric Surgery of the University of Siena, from December 2008 to May 2009 were carried out 10 surgery procedures of laparoscopic appendectomy. Patients were subjected to emergency surgery for acute appendicitis diagnosed by clinical examination, laboratory tests and ultrasound study. The mean age was 10.8 years (range 7-14 years). All procedures were performed under general anesthesia with the patient in supine decubitus and using three trocars. The first 12 mm, was introduced through the umbilical incision with "open" approach, the second, 12 mm in the left iliac fossa and the third, 5 mm, in sovrapubic seat. In each patient the appendectomy was carried out with endo-GIA (a linear stapling device) that can be used for the section of appendix and vessels. Results: Any patient needed to convert to “open surgery”. The duration of surgery procedure was in mean 80 minutes (range 60-90 minutes). In any case intraoperative complications were observed. In 1 patient (10%) further surgery procedure with technique "open" was necessary due to presence of purulent exudate in peritoneal cavity, depending to severity of endo-abdominal infection. The hospitalization was in mean 4.3 days (range 3-10 days) with intestinal canalization on the 1st post-operative day. Laparoscopic appendectomy is a feasible and safe method with advantages for patients such as lower incidence of septic complications (better toilet of peritoneal cavity and possible placement of drainage), reduced time of hospitalization and convalescence, better control of postoperative pain, and better aesthetic results. Binder/section of appendix with endo-GIA appears more secure in severe peritonitis compared to other systems of ligation, preventing the spread of faecal material, as the apyretic trend in postoperative shows. In conclusion, beyond the known advantages of VLS, the use of Stapler allows further decrease of hospitalization that amortizes the modest increase in cost of instruments and the comfort for the surgeon

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Ferrara, F., Garzi, A., Varetti, C., Di Maggio, G., Angotti, R., Burgio, A., & Messina, M. (2012). LAPAROSCOPIC APPENDECTOMY AS A CARE MODEL OF "FAST TRACK SURGERY". Journal of the Siena Academy of Sciences, 1(1), 61–63. https://doi.org/10.4081/jsas.2009.339