A novel concept of pneumatic pump in the outpatient management of mixed leg ulceration: a pilot study

  • Mirko Tessari | mirko.tessari@unife.it Unit of Translational Surgery and Vascular Diseases Center, University Hospital of Ferrara, Italy.
  • Sergio Gianesini Unit of Translational Surgery and Vascular Diseases Center, University Hospital of Ferrara, Italy.
  • Paolo Spath Unit of Translational Surgery and Vascular Diseases Center, University Hospital of Ferrara, Italy.
  • Erica Menegatti Unit of Translational Surgery and Vascular Diseases Center, University Hospital of Ferrara, Italy.
  • Maria Grazia Sibilla Unit of Translational Surgery and Vascular Diseases Center, University Hospital of Ferrara, Italy.
  • Matilde Zamboni Unit of Translational Surgery and Vascular Diseases Center, University Hospital of Ferrara, Italy.
  • Anna Maria Malagoni Unit of Translational Surgery and Vascular Diseases Center, University Hospital of Ferrara, Italy.
  • Paolo Zamboni Unit of Translational Surgery and Vascular Diseases Center, University Hospital of Ferrara, Italy.

Abstract

Mixed leg ulcer is a challenge in vascular diseases because both arterial and venous systems of the lower extremities are involved in the wound pathogenesis. Management is very difficult because the coexistence of the two conditions sometimes prevent to use compression bandaging, which is the cornerstone of venous leg ulcer treatment. It has been recently developed the so called gradient pump (GP), a novel device which permits to intermittently stop the flow in the femoral vein with a pneumatic cuff placed on the thigh. Subsequent release of the femoral vein compression determines a dramatic aspiration of the blood up-ward the heart, with synchronous and measured improved perfusion of the distal limb. We applied GP at 4 consecutive cases of multiple mixed painful ulcerations of the foot and leg scheduled for below knee and/or foot amputations. In all cases measure of pain by visual analogue scale significantly decreased; GP in most cases together intravenous infusion of synthetic prostacyclin led to improvement and/or minimal amputation. Therefore such a management can be done on outpatient bases, allowing a considerable lowering of health costs. We conclude that GP could be a valuable tool in the arsenal of mixed leg ulcer clinical assessment.

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Published
2016-10-04
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Section
Case Reports
Keywords:
Pneumatic compression, gradient pump, mixed leg ulcer, visual analogue scale, limb perfusion.
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How to Cite
Tessari, M., Gianesini, S., Spath, P., Menegatti, E., Sibilla, M. G., Zamboni, M., Malagoni, A. M., & Zamboni, P. (2016). A novel concept of pneumatic pump in the outpatient management of mixed leg ulceration: a pilot study. Veins and Lymphatics, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/vl.2016.5266