Airborne microbial flora in buffalo farms in a Mediterranean climate

  • Debora Stelitano Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.
  • Giuseppe Squillaci Research Institute on Terrestrial Ecosystems, Italian National Research Council (CNR), Naples, Italy.
  • Biagio Santella Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.
  • Annalisa Chianese Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.
  • Virginia D'Oriano Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.
  • Emiliana Finamore Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.
  • Mariateresa Vitiello Department of Clinical Pathology, Virology Unit, San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona Hospital, Salerno, Italy.
  • Federica Maria Di Lella Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.
  • Marilena Galdiero Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.
  • Gianluigi Franci | gianluigi.franci@unicampania.it Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.

Abstract

The last few decades have seen an increase in intensive buffalo farms worldwide. Such industrialized activity entails human and animal potential health-related hazards as well as for the environment. Given the breadth of the issue, in this study we focused on gathering microbiological air sampling in the Southern Italian buffalo farms in order to obtain further information on airborne microbial flora. In details, we evaluated the bio-aerosol concentration of cultivable bacteria and fungi in ten different buffalo farms. There are evidences showing that exposure to organic dust may exacerbate asthma, just as it may cause mucous membrane irritation and chronic bronchitis. Likewise, studies show that inhaling noninfectious microorganisms and their components may cause inflammation of the respiratory tract. As a result, this is a significant health hazard to these farms’ workers as well as to rural residents living closely to them.

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Published
2019-05-27
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Issue
Section
Original Articles
Supporting Agencies
VALEREplus Program
Keywords:
Buffalo, Microorganism, Farms, Milk
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  • PDF: 188
How to Cite
Stelitano, D., Squillaci, G., Santella, B., Chianese, A., D’Oriano, V., Finamore, E., Vitiello, M., Di Lella, F. M., Galdiero, M., & Franci, G. (2019). Airborne microbial flora in buffalo farms in a Mediterranean climate. Translational Medicine Reports, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/tmr.8146

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