Development of a malaria knowledge test for student travelers

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Laurie B. Hartjes *
Linda C. Baumann
(*) Corresponding Author:
Laurie B. Hartjes |


This paper describes a malaria knowledge test (MKT) developed to evaluate a web-based game for students who increasingly travel to malariarisk regions of the world. The 18-item MKT was structured according to the dimensions of the self-regulation model (SRM) to measure the accuracy of students’ beliefs about malaria. An experimental design was used to compare three game versions. Students (N=482) participated in 2010 by completing a pre-test, playing a Webbased game simulating student travel to malaria- endemic destinations, and completing a posttest. Study data support the validity and reliability of the MKT for the evaluation of malaria education interventions and for student self-assessment. Use of the MKT to evaluate an educational game about malaria revealed a strong overall learning effect and discrimination by game version, travel experience, and SRM dimension. This 5-min test may also be adapted for educational outreach purposes among health care providers globally, residents of malaria-endemic regions, and other high risk travel groups (e.g., elderly, chronic health conditions, pregnant, or returning to malaria-endemic regions to visit friends/relatives).

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Author Biography

Laurie B. Hartjes, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Nursing, Madison, WI

Clinical Associate Professor at the University of Wisconsin Madison prior to returning for PhD.

Currently an Educational Design Consultant for Lodestone Safety International (curriculum development to support health and safety for students studying abroad).