HYPOSPADIAS: LONG TERM FOLLOW-UP IN A SINGLE CENTER

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F. Molinaro
R. Angotti
E. Bindi
M. Sica
M. Aglianò
M. Messina
F. Mariscoli *
(*) Corresponding Author:
F. Mariscoli | fragne85@hotmail.it

Abstract

Introduction: Hypospadias is one of the most common birth defects that affect the male urogenital tract. It can present as isolated anomaly, but sometimes can arise in the context of complex disorders of sex development (DSD). These malformations are characterized by a great variety of clinical manifestations and compromise the aesthetic appearance, but also functional and psychological impact that the malformation can determine the patient.
Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients undergoing surgery for hypospadias from March 2000 to January 2015. The data was extrapolated from a prospective database. It was considered for each patient: demographics; type of hypospadias; surgical technique; average age for surgery; intraoperative and postoperative complications (early and late). Duckett’s classification was used.
Results: 343 urethroplasties were performed. 320 (93%) were primary urethroplasties and 23 (7%) reoperations in patients who had performed many other surgical procedures. 7 patients with megameatus were excluded. The hypospadias have been ranked according to Duckett’s classification, 35 patients had associated diseases. In total were performed: 186 (55%) Snodgrass, 71(21%) Duckett,10 (3%) augmented Duckett, 42 (13%) Magpi, 16 (5%) Duplay, 1 (0,3%) Bracka, 1 (0,3%) was a Bianchi’technique and 5 (1,4%) were Standoli. In 4 patients (1%) were used mixed technique. There were no intraoperative complications. The mean age at surgery was 15 months (range 12-22 months). Postoperative complications were 12%. Long term follow up was done with uroflussimetrie at 3 and 6 months in those who had reached the continence and possible urethral calibrations in those who had submitted a stenosis in post-op.
Conclusions: The improvement of surgical techniques, the use of optical amplification tools, the use of suture material (PDS) and the experience gained in recent years have enabled us to optimized the results. Though aware of the potential and actual complications that this type of microsurgical correction can lead to the results we have obtained are comparable to those of major international series and can be considered satisfactory, both from an aesthetic and functional.

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