Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research <p>The <strong>Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research</strong> (JEAR), formerly the Bollettino di Zoologia Agraria e di Bachicoltura of the Institute of Entomology of the Università degli Studi, Milano, was founded in 1928 by Remo Grandori. Thereafter, Minos Martelli and Luciano Süss hold the direction of the Journal until December 2011. In January 2012 the Editor decided for the new open-access on-line version of JEAR.</p> <p>The Journal publishes original research papers concerning Arthopods, but reviews, editorials, technical reports, brief notes, conference proceeding, letters to the Editor, book reviews are also welcome.</p> <p>JEAR has four main areas of interest:</p> <ul> <li><strong>Entomology</strong> (systematics; morphology; biology; biotechnology; agriculture, ornamental and forest entomology; applied entomology; integrated pest management; biological control; apiculture and apidology; medical, urban and veterinary entomology; etc.)</li> <li><strong>Stored product pests</strong> (biology; integrated pest management; etc.)</li> <li><strong>Insect Ecology</strong> (behaviour; biodiversity; taxonomy; plant insect interaction and ecosystems; biological control; alien species; etc.)</li> <li><strong>Acarology</strong> (systematics; morphology; biology; parasitology; control; etc.)</li> </ul> <p>The publication of manuscripts is subject to the approval of the Section Editor who has knowledge of the field discussed in the manuscript in accordance with the principles of Peer Review; referees will be selected from the Editorial Board or among qualified scientists of the international scientific community. Articles must be written in English and must adhere to the guidelines and details contained in the Instructions to Authors.</p> en-US <p><strong>PAGEPress</strong> has chosen to apply the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.<br><br> An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:</p> <ol> <li>the author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.</li> <li>a complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.</li> </ol> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> (Emanuela Fusinato) (Tiziano Taccini) Tue, 26 Feb 2019 11:47:00 +0100 OJS 60 Feeding in the adult of Hermetia illucens (Diptera Stratiomyidae): reality or fiction? <p><em>Hermetia illucens</em> (L.) (Diptera Stratiomyidae) is a promising species as alternative protein source for animal feed, able to convert a wide range of organic materials. The knowledge on larval biology, development, nutritional needs, and nutritional composition is reach, while few information is available on adult traits. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of the adult nutrition on the survival, the longevity and the ovaries development of H. illucens. In detail, three food sources have been compared to starvation. Water, a sucrose solution and a protein solution were given to new emerged adults and data on longevity and ovary development were acquired. Trials were conducted on single specimen and on a cohort of adults. In all the trials, starved adults survived significantly shorter than all other thesis. When adults were maintained isolated, the survival was significantly influenced by the nourishment: longevity was longer when adults were feed with a sucrose solution, while the supply of a protein source provided a lifespan significantly higher than starvation but similar to water or to sucrose solution. In cages longevity was always shorter than in isolated adults for both males and females and the overall trend was similar to single individual trials with the exception of protein solution. Ovary development of females under different nourishment did not show differences. More studies are necessary to identify a correct nutrition considering (the integration of) different chemical compounds to obtain optimal adult performance in terms of longevity and reproduction.</p> Costanza Jucker, Daniela Lupi, Sara Savoldelli, Maria Giovanna Leonardi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 20 Mar 2019 16:06:29 +0100 Can exotic drosophilids share the same niche of the invasive Drosophila suzukii? <p>The presence of the four exotic drosophilids <em>Chymomyza amoena</em> (Loew), <em>Drosophila suzukii </em>(Matsumura)<em>, Zaprionus indianus </em>(Gupta) and <em>Zaprionus tuberculatus </em>Malloch has been investigated in different orchard in Northern Italy for two consecutive years. The presence and the abundance of the population of the drosophilid flies were surveyed with apple cider vinegar (ACV) traps, fruit baited traps and fruit collection. <em>C amoena</em>, <em>Z. tuberculatus</em> and <em>D. suzukii</em> have been identified in the ACV traps in both years. Only <em>D. suzukii</em> and <em>Z. tuberculatus</em> emerged from fruit baited traps. With the exception of <em>D. suzukii,</em> no other exotic drosofilid was captured flickered??? from the fruit collection. <em>Z. indianus</em> was never observed. Analysis of the presence of the different species, seasonal occurrence and sex ratio are provided.</p> Nasim Amiresmaeili, Costanza Jucker, Sara Savoldelli, Daniela Lupi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 20 Mar 2019 15:52:06 +0100 High mosquito diversity in an Amazonian village of Ecuador, surrounded by a Biological Reserve, using a rapid assessment method <p>This research represents a study in an Amazonian village that has similar structures to others Kichwa Amazonian villages of Ecuador. We evaluated the diversity, ecology, possibility of mosquitoes/pathogens translocation from forest to urban area, and the vulnerability by potential mosquito vectors of diseases through an intensive and fast method done January 2017. Our analyses registered a high diversity of mosquitos in Limoncocha village (33 spp, H’ 2.76), which includes four new records of species for Ecuador. We propose the biological reserve and the lagoon are determinant environmental factors for the high mosquito diversity, plus the socioeconomic characteristics related with a deficient water pipeline supply and lack of solid waste system. Furthermore, the high diversity of sylvan mosquitoes registered throughout the area, that include several potential vectors, suggest a moderate to high vulnerability for the transference of pathogens from the Biological Reserve to the urbanized area, which may increase the circulation of little-known arboviruses (Mayaro, Ilheus, St Louis encephalitis) across Ecuador.</p> Paul-Leonardo Duque, Jonathan Liria, Sandra Enríquez, Elena Burgaleta, José Salazar, Jazzmin Arrivillaga-Henríquez, Juan-Carlos Navarro ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 26 Feb 2019 11:21:32 +0100 A review of sulfoxaflor, a derivative of biological acting substances as a class of insecticides with a broad range of action against many insect pests <p>Sulfoxaflor is an insecticide used against sap-feeding insects (Aphididae, Aleyrodidae) belonging to the family of sulfoximine; sulfoximine is a chiral nitrogen-containing sulphur (VI) molecule; it is a sub-group of insecticides that act as nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) competitive modulators. Sulfoxaflor binds to nAChR in place of acetylcholine and acts as an allosteric activator of nAChR. Thanks to its mode of action resistance phenomena are uncommon, even few cases of resistance were reported. It binds to receptors determining uncontrolled nerve impulses followed by muscle tremors to which paralysis and death follows. Sulfoxaflor acts on the same receptors of neonicotinoids as nicotine and butenolides, but it binds differently. It binds to insects nAChRs more strongly than to mammals’ ones, so it is much less toxic for mammals and man. Sulfoxaflor is supposed to have a low environmental impact and is not much aggressive against non-target species. Unfortunately, it is toxic to impollinator insects, so it must be used only in compliance with a series of legislative norms. At present sulfoxaflor can be considered one of the most interesting products to be used in fighting against agriculture insect pests.</p> L. Bacci, S. Convertini, B. Rossaro ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 13 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0100