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Effects of environmental factors on Tigriopus fulvus, Fischer 1860, a Mediterranean harpacticoid copepod

Guido Bonello, Cristiano Angelini, Luigi Pane
  • Cristiano Angelini
    Department of Earth, Environment and Life Sciences, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy
  • Luigi Pane
    Department of Earth, Environment and Life Sciences, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy

Abstract

Tigriopus fulvus (Fischer, 1860) is a benthic harpacticoid copepod of the Mediterranean supralittoral zone. The transitional characteristics of this environment forced this species to develop high resistance to changes of environmental parameters. Nevertheless, Tigriopus fulvus life-cycle is influenced from the splashpools physical-chemical parameters. In this paper, we present the results of a supralittoral monitoring performed in 2014, confirming the influence of some of these environmental parameters on population buildups. Because of recent worldwide climate change effects, a threat might have been posed on this particularly exposed organism, whose population density decreased of a sixfold value in the last 30 years. During the three pools (A, B, C) monitoring, the maximum copepod density recorded was 1456 Ind/l (September 2014, Pool C), alongside first records of extinction event for Tigriopus fulvus.

Keywords

Copepod; Metapopulations; Climate change; Tigriopus fulvus.

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Submitted: 2017-10-01 23:08:43
Published: 2018-05-14 15:28:00
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Copyright (c) 2018 Guido Bonello, Cristiano Angelini, Luigi Pane

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