Effect of platelet-rich plasma and microfracture reparative technique combined in chondral lesions treatment

  • Pietro Zedde | pietrozedde@tiscali.it Orthopedic and Traumatology Unit, Department of Biomedical Science, Sassari University Hospital, Sassari, Italy.
  • Sebastiano Cudoni Orthopedic and Traumatology Unit, Nuoro Hospital, Nuoro, Italy.
  • Pietro Lisai Orthopedic and Traumatology Unit, Department of Biomedical Science, Sassari University Hospital, Sassari, Italy.
  • Mario Fadda Orthopedic and Traumatology Unit, Department of Biomedical Science, Sassari University Hospital, Sassari, Italy.
  • Andrea Fabio Manunta Orthopedic and Traumatology Unit, Department of Biomedical Science, Sassari University Hospital, Sassari, Italy.

Abstract

The microfracture surgery introduced by Stedman despite limitations still represents the most common procedure to repair chondral defects. In recent years other regeneration techniques, such as the implantation of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), have been adopted in combination to boost and promote successful outcomes. This study aimed at evaluating clinical and functional results in 60 patients affected by chondral lesions and treated only using the microfracture procedure or in combination with intra-articular PRP infiltration. Patients were sub-divided in 2 groups: 30 were treated with microfracture reparative technique and the remaining 30 microfractures were treated with 3 platelet-rich plasma intra-articular injections. All patients were postoperatively evaluated based on the visual along scale, International Knee Documentation Committee, subjective knee function, and Lysholm knee scoring scale. The evaluation results for each follow-up showed an improvement of all evaluation scores compared to the preoperative phase and a variable and progressive deterioration registered at 24, 36 and 48-month follow-up visits, more pronounced in patients treated with microfracture alone. Instead, more successful outcomes in terms of pain symptomatology and functional recovery were reported during all follow-up visits and based on all scoring scales for the 30 patients treated with a combination of both techniques. The combination of the micro fracture reparative technique and the platelet-rich plasma implantation favoured a faster resolution of pain symptomatology and a quicker functional recovery with favourable results maintained over time.

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Published
2015-11-12
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Original Articles
Keywords:
Cartilage, Injury, Microfracture, Regeneration, Platelet-rich plasma
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How to Cite
Zedde, P., Cudoni, S., Lisai, P., Fadda, M., & Manunta, A. F. (2015). Effect of platelet-rich plasma and microfracture reparative technique combined in chondral lesions treatment. Journal of Biological Research - Bollettino Della Società Italiana Di Biologia Sperimentale, 88(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jbr.2015.5229