Virus infections of honeybees Apis Mellifera

  • Giuseppina Tantillo Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Italy.
  • Marilisa Bottaro Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Italy.
  • Angela Di Pinto Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Italy.
  • Vito Martella Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Italy.
  • Pietro Di Pinto Freelance DVM, Bari, Italy.
  • Valentina Terio | valentina.terio@uniba.it Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Italy.

Abstract

The health and vigour of honeybee colonies are threatened by numerous parasites (such as Varroa destructor and Nosema spp.) and pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, protozoa. Among honeybee pathogens, viruses are one of the major threats to the health and wellbeing of honeybees and cause serious concern for researchers and beekeepers. To tone down the threats posed by these invasive organisms, a better understanding of bee viral infections will be of crucial importance in developing effective and environmentally benign disease control strategies. Here we summarize recent progress in the understanding of the morphology, genome organization, transmission, epidemiology and pathogenesis of eight honeybee viruses: Deformed wing virus (DWV) and Kakugo virus (KV); Sacbrood virus (SBV); Black Queen cell virus (BQCV); Acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV); Kashmir bee virus (KBV); Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus (IAPV); Chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV). The review has been designed to provide researchers in the field with updated information about honeybee viruses and to serve as a starting point for future research.

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Published
2015-09-25
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Section
Reviews
Keywords:
Colony collapse disorder, Honeybee viruses, Infections
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How to Cite
Tantillo, G., Bottaro, M., Di Pinto, A., Martella, V., Di Pinto, P., & Terio, V. (2015). Virus infections of honeybees Apis Mellifera. Italian Journal of Food Safety, 4(3). https://doi.org/10.4081/ijfs.2015.5364