MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM SUSP. PARATUBERCULOSIS IN DAIRY PRODUCTION

  • G. Marchetti | lucia.zoppi@pagepress.org Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche Veterinarie - Università di Bologna, Italy.
  • A. Coccollone Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche Veterinarie - Università di Bologna, Italy.
  • F. Giacometti Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche Veterinarie - Università di Bologna, Italy.
  • R. Riu Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche Veterinarie - Università di Bologna, Italy.
  • A. Serraino Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche Veterinarie - Università di Bologna, Italy.

Abstract

Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the etiologic agent of paratuberculosis. The disease affects cows and other ruminants and causes high economic losses, mainly for dairy production. MAP may also have a role in the development of Crohn’s disease in humans. Infected animals shed viable MAP with milk and faeces and humans may assume MAP via the consumption of contaminated milk and dairy products. Current methods of milk pasteurization are not sufficient to kill all MAP cells present in milk and MAP has been found in raw or pasteurized milk and isolated from cheese. The aim of this paper is to review the current knowledge about MAP in dairy production. We analyzed studies on milk contamination, effect of pasteurization and methods for identification of MAP that can be applied to dairy products.

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Published
2012-08-02
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Section
Reviews
Keywords:
Mycobacterium avium susp. paratuberculosis, dairy products
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How to Cite
Marchetti, G., Coccollone, A., Giacometti, F., Riu, R., & Serraino, A. (2012). MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM SUSP. PARATUBERCULOSIS IN DAIRY PRODUCTION. Italian Journal of Food Safety, 1(4), 7-18. https://doi.org/10.4081/ijfs.2012.800