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Case report of a pustular dermatitis outbreak in sheep: Clinical and food safety considerations

Mariana Roccaro, Silvia Piva, Alessandra Scagliarini, Federica Giacometti, Andrea Serraino, Giuseppe Merialdi, Matteo Frasnelli, Angelo Romano, Alberto Bellio, Lucia Decastelli, Angelo Peli
  • Mariana Roccaro
    Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy
  • Silvia Piva
    Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy | silvia.piva@unibo.it
  • Alessandra Scagliarini
    Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy
  • Federica Giacometti
    Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy
  • Andrea Serraino
    Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy
  • Giuseppe Merialdi
    Experimental Institute for Zooprophylaxis in Lombardy and Emilia Romagna, Reggio Emilia, Italy
  • Matteo Frasnelli
    Experimental Institute for Zooprophylaxis in Lombardy and Emilia Romagna, Reggio Emilia, Italy
  • Angelo Romano
    Experimental Institute for Zooprophylaxis in Piedmont, Liguria and Valle D’Aosta, Turin, Italy
  • Alberto Bellio
    Experimental Institute for Zooprophylaxis in Piedmont, Liguria and Valle D’Aosta, Turin, Italy
  • Lucia Decastelli
    Experimental Institute for Zooprophylaxis in Piedmont, Liguria and Valle D’Aosta, Turin, Italy
  • Angelo Peli
    Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy

Abstract

The objective of this report is to describe an outbreak of pustular dermatitis in a flock of about 200 sheep, its clinical evolution and food safety implications. The onset of the symptoms was sudden and the lesions spread very quickly from ewe to ewe, so that in about 3 days almost all of the lactating sheep were stricken. Pustules from 5 different animals, six milk samples, two cheese samples, teat cup samples from the milking machine and farmer’s hands were analysed. A pure culture of Staphylococcus aureus, producing staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) C, was isolated from pustules. Milk and cheese showed a contamination by coagulase positive staphylococci <15 and 30 colony forming units respectively and the absence of SE. Farmer’s hands and teat cups samples resulted negative for coagulase positive staphylococci. Therapy with daily topical medicaments was prescribed and a prophylactic intervention was suggested by the administration of an autovaccine. The low level of milk and cheese contamination and the absence of SE in cheese supported the decision to not advise the farmer to recall cheese produced with milk from affected animals.

Keywords

Pustular dermatitis, Sheep, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcal enterotoxins, Raw milk cheese

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Submitted: 2017-08-04 16:32:59
Published: 2018-04-11 13:30:17
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