Health Psychology Research 2019-03-11T17:23:14+01:00 Emanuela Fusinato Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Health Psychology Research</strong> is an international, open access, peer-reviewed journal that publishes original research on all aspects of psychology related to health, behavioural medicine, health-related quality of life and illness. The journal reflects the wide application of health psychology study in medical settings. The contents include work on health attitudes and behaviour, health locus of control, quality of life in chronic disease, influence of emotion on health and health-related behaviours, psychological interventions in health and disease as well as psychological aspects of prevention.</p> Gotta catch ‘em all or not enough time: Users motivations for playing Pokémon Go™ and non-users’ reasons for not installing 2019-03-11T17:23:13+01:00 David Robert Broom Ka Yiu Lee Michael Huen Sum Lam Stuart William Flint <p>Urban exergames are played in the real-world environment using built-in mobile phone sensors. The influence of Pokémon Go on physical activity and sitting time has been examined previously, however limited research has explored motivations for using the application. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore Pokémon Go users’ motivations for using the application, exusers’ reasons for abandoning the game and non-users’ reasons for not installing. After institutional ethical approval, the ‘Physical Activity and Pokémon Go’ questionnaire was developed using QualtricsTM and distributed using social media soon after launch in the United Kingdom (baseline). At baseline a total of 461 participants (n=193 male, n=265 female, n=3 transgender) who were predominantly white (n=420) and did not self-report a disability (n=443) completed the questionnaire. Users’ (n=236) were questioned on their motivations for using Pokémon Go and non-users’ provided reasons for not installing. At 3 months a total of 127 participants (n=23 users) completed the questionnaire again and all qualitative data was thematically analyzed. The most commonly reported reason for using Pokémon Go was ‘to have fun’ which was 86% and 83% at baseline and 3 months respectively. The second most frequent reason at baseline was ‘friends were using it’ (58%) and at 3 months was ‘to be outside’ (48%). The least common motivation for using Pokémon Go at both baseline and 3 months was ‘to meet new people’ (8% and 0% respectively). At baseline, social motives and competition were two general themes which encapsulated Pokémon Go users’ motivation for using the application. There were two general themes reported by Pokémon Go users’ as to why they did not think they would use the application in the future. These were application related factors and factors unrelated to Pokémon Go. Non-users reported a range of reasons for not using Pokémon Go, including lack of interest and a lack of time. Safety concerns and risk of adverse events were reported by both users and non-users. This is the first study to thematically analyze motives for using Pokémon Go in which the findings are: 1) future smartphone applications aiming to increase physical activity must ensure that objectives evolve to maintain initial interest and motivation to engage with applications; 2) game developers must consider the required phone storage and capability which could be a barrier to downloading; and 3) concerns of using the application including the safety of users and those around them.</p> 2019-03-11T13:42:48+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The effects of aerobic exercise training on mental health and self-esteem of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients 2019-03-11T17:23:14+01:00 Seyed Reza Mousavi Gilani Abdurrashid Khazaei Feizabad <p>Physical and mental health are very closely tied and either of them can exert a significant effect on the other. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of aerobic exercise training on mental health and self-esteem of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. 60 participants, aged 40 to 55 years, with blood sugar ranging between 150 to 250 mg/dL participated in the study. They were randomly divided into two groups of 30 patients. The interventional group exercised for twelve weeks, three sessions per week, lasting from 45 to 60 minutes, followed by endurance training on treadmill. Training’s intensity was considered equal to 60-70% of maximum oxygen consumption. According to the results of the study, 12-week aerobic exercise training had significant effects on self-esteem (P=0.001), and mental health (P=0.020), sub-scales of physical symptoms (P=0.001), and anxiety and insomnia (P=0.044). But it had no significant effects on the subscales of depression (P=0.078) and social functioning (P=0.207). Regular aerobic exercise training as an effective strategy plays an important role in improving self-esteem and mental health and also promoting life quality among diabetic patients.</p> 2019-03-11T13:38:11+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Risk for depression affects older people’s possibilities to exercise self-determination in using time, social relationships and living life as one wants: A cross-sectional study with frail older people 2018-12-05T09:51:30+01:00 Isabelle Ottenvall Hammar Helene Berglund Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff Joel Faronbi Susanne Gustafsson <p>Exercising self-determination in daily life is highly valued by older people. However, being in the hands of other people may challenge the older people’s possibilities to exercise self-determination in their daily life. Among frail older people living in Sweden, risk for depression is highly predominant. There is a knowledge gap regarding if, and how having a risk of depression affects older people’s self-determination. The objective was, therefore, to explore if, and in that case how, frail older people’s self-determination is affected by the risk of depression. In this cross-sectional, secondary data analysis, with 161 communitydwelling frail older people, simple logistic regression models were performed to explore the association between self-determination, the risk of depression and demographic variables. The findings showed that risk for depression and reduced self-determination were significantly associated in the dimensions: use of time (P=0.020), social relationship (P=0.003), help and support others (P=0.033), and the overall self-determination item (P=0.000). Risk for depression significantly affected self-determination in use of time (OR=3.04, P=0.014), social relationship (OR=2.53, P=0.011), and overall self-determination (OR=6.17, P=0.000). This point out an increased need of strengthening healthcare professionals’ perspectives, and attitudes towards a self-determined, friendly, and person-centred dialogue.</p> 2018-11-29T15:00:58+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##