Health Psychology Research 2020-07-10T21:02:45+00:00 Emanuela Fusinato Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Health Psychology Research</strong> is an international, open access, peer-reviewed journal that publishes original research on all aspects of psychology related to health, behavioural medicine, health-related quality of life and illness. The journal reflects the wide application of health psychology study in medical settings. The contents include work on health attitudes and behaviour, health locus of control, quality of life in chronic disease, influence of emotion on health and health-related behaviours, psychological interventions in health and disease as well as psychological aspects of prevention.</p> Gazing at Medusa: Alzheimer’s dementia through the lenses of spirituality and religion 2020-07-10T21:02:42+00:00 Vaitsa Giannouli Konstantinos Giannoulis <p>Although religious and spiritual issues regarding Alzheimer’s Dementia (AD) were not thoroughly investigated in the past, this review presents the most recent findings that can provide some scientific evidence about the experience and clinical usage of religious and spiritual beliefs from the perspective of the diagnosed patient, the caregiver-family members, and the health professional. Majority of the papers reviewed (50 out of 51) identified a positive influence of religiousness and spirituality. Thus, this review examines through a detailed analysis the possible pathways of the influence of these perceptions in cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of AD. Findings support the paramount importance of religion and spirituality in coping with the diagnosis of this specific type of dementia. Future experimental research should consider these observed benefits with caution and include them in everyday life.</p> 2020-05-27T09:47:38+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tobacco smoking, related harm and motivation to quit smoking in people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders 2020-07-10T21:02:43+00:00 Pasquale Caponnetto Riccardo Polosa Deborah Robson Linda Bauld <p>This narrative review focuses on the topic of tobacco smoking amongst people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. We searched PubMed, PsycInfo and Scopus databases for schizophrenia spectrum disorders and smoking and included articles about the epidemiology of tobacco smoking in people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders, examining the relationship between smoking and mental health. This narrative review describes that a higher prevalence, frequency and impact of both high nicotine dependence and its harmful effects in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders compared with those in the general population. Despite several existent theories, the reasons for high smoking rates, the high dependence on nicotine and severity of nicotine withdrawal symptoms are not fully understood. The main aim of this paper is to inform mental health personnel and particularly clinical and health psychologists about the impact and role of tobacco smoking for smokers with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.</p> 2020-05-27T08:54:11+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Smoking behavior and psychological dynamics during COVID-19 social distancing and stay-at-home policies: A survey 2020-07-10T21:02:45+00:00 Pasquale Caponnetto Lucio Inguscio Claudio Saitta Marilena Maglia Francesca Benfatto Riccardo Polosa <p>During the COVID-19 pandemic, about 60 million of Italians stayed at home. These circumstances may generate exceptional challenges and stress for people who regularly use cigarettes, ecigarettes, heated tobacco products, dual users, former smokers and never smokers. Here, we present results from a study that was aimed at surveying smoking behaviour and psychological dynamics during the Italian COVID-19 social distancing and stay-at-home policies. Participants living in Italy were invited to complete an online brief questionnaire. A questionnaire was prepared and uploaded in an online survey tool. They were asked to participate regardless of their current smoking status and were divided in seven subgroups. In total, 1825 participants were included in the analysis. Exclusive cigarette smokers; Dual users of cigarette and ecigarettes; Dual users of cigarette and heated tobacco products; Former smokers; Exclusive users of e-cigarette; Exclusive users of heated tobacco products; never smoker. Dual users of cigarette and e-cigarette and exclusive cigarette smokers perceived that their daily consumption has slightly decreased. Exclusive cigarette smokers and exclusive e-cigarette users changed the way of purchasing products. Most exclusive cigarette smokers have considered quitting but most exclusive e-cigarette users have not considered stopping the use of e-cigarettes. In former smokers’ group, about one third of participants declared thoughts about starting to smoke again and in never smokers’ group few participants declared intention to start smoking. The COVID-19 era could be considered a “transition” phase and as such requires a search for a new balance. These changes in everyday habits can be a significant moment to use established and emerging strategies to create a definitive smoke-free world.</p> 2020-05-27T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##