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Exploring the role of self-esteem and parenting patterns on alcohol use and abuse among adolescents

Franklin N. Glozah
  • Franklin N. Glozah
    Department of Psychology and Human Development, Regent University College of Science and Technology, Accra, Ghana | franklin.glozah@regent.edu.gh

Abstract

The type of parental child-rearing practices used by parents and guardians substantially influence children’s self-esteem and consequently their decision to engage in alcohol use, its abuse. The aim of this study was to explore the role of self-esteem and parenting patterns on alcohol use and abuse among adolescents. Three hundred and sixteen boys and girls in Senior High Schools completed self-report questionnaires assessing self-esteem, parenting patterns and alcohol use and abuse. The results showed that while girls reported lesser self-esteem than boys, boys reported higher levels of alcohol use and abuse than girls. Also, authoritative parenting pattern had a positive effect on self-esteem and a negative effect on alcohol use. On the other hand, authoritarian and permissive parenting patterns had negative effects on self-esteem and positive effects on alcohol use, with slight variations. These results provide valuable information regarding strategies aimed at fostering parent-child relationship and rapport with the ultimate aim of bolstering the self-esteem of adolescents to subsequently eschew insalubrious behaviour, particularly alcohol use and abuse.

Keywords

parenting patterns, self-esteem, adolescents, alcohol use, alcohol abuse

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Submitted: 2013-08-29 09:51:55
Published: 2014-10-22 11:03:31
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Copyright (c) 2014 Franklin N. Glozah

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