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Life satisfaction and frailty among older adults

Katarina Wilhelmson, Emelie Fritzell, Kajsa Eklund, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
  • Katarina Wilhelmson
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/Social Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg; Vårdalinstitutet, Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, University of Gothenburg and Lund, Sweden | katarina.wilhelmson@socmed.gu.se
  • Emelie Fritzell
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/Social Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Kajsa Eklund
    Vårdalinstitutet, Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, University of Gothenburg and Lund; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
    Vårdalinstitutet, Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, University of Gothenburg and Lund; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Abstract

Functional and physical impairment are factors believed to lead to declined life satisfaction among older adults. This study aimed to examine life satisfaction among older adults and the influence of frailty. Baseline data from two studies addressing frail older adults aged 80+ in Gothenburg, Sweden, (n=577) were used. Frailty was measured through eight indicators. Life satisfaction was measured with Fugl-Meyer’s instrument LiSat-11. Perceived life satisfaction was rather high within the studied population, with 66% being satisfied with life as a whole. Most life satisfaction items were significantly associated with frailty status, with non-frail participants being satisfied to a higher extent for all items with the exception of financial situation, sexual life and partnership relation. The factors significantly explaining life satisfaction were psychological health, partner relationship, leisure and ADL. This study shows that older adults’ satisfaction with life as a whole is almost as high as in younger age groups. Respondents with higher degree of frailty reported significantly lower degrees of life satisfaction, indicating a possibility to maintain life satisfaction by preventing or delaying the development of frailty.

Keywords

life satisfaction, aged 80 and over, frailty, Fugl-Meyer’s LiSat-11

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Submitted: 2013-03-21 16:40:30
Published: 2013-09-23 09:55:35
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Copyright (c) 2013 Katarina Wilhelmson, Emelie Fritzell, Kajsa Eklund, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff

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