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Family communication patterns of individuals with and without disabilities

Setareh Shojaee, Mohammad Saber Khakhaninejad, Mahmoud Najafi
  • Setareh Shojaee
    Department of Special Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran, Islamic Republic of | bahareman@shirazu.ac.ir
  • Mohammad Saber Khakhaninejad
    Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics, Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Mahmoud Najafi
    Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare family communication patterns among Iranian individuals with blindness, deafness and individuals with typically developing. The statistical population consisted of all Iranian individuals with blindness, deafness and individuals with typically developing in Shiraz, Iran. The sample consisted of 116 individuals (32 individuals with blindness, 21 individuals with deafness, and 63 individuals with typically developing). The Revised Family Communication Patterns scale was used for measuring the family communication patterns. Multivariate analysis of variance test were used for data analysis. The results showed that conversation orientation in individuals with typically developing were significantly higher than individuals with blindness and deafness (P<.001). Furthermore, conversation orientation in individuals with blindness was significantly higher than individuals with deafness (P<.001). Moreover, the findings showed that the conformity orientation in individuals with blindness and deafness were significantly higher than individuals with typically developing (P<.001). It should be noted that there was no significant difference among individuals with blindness and deafness in terms of conformity orientation. The results of the study indicated that reforming of family communication patterns is essential for individuals with blindness and deafness.

Keywords

Family communication patterns, individuals; disabilities

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Submitted: 2017-09-19 23:40:53
Published: 2018-11-07 15:30:33
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Copyright (c) 2018 Setareh Shojaee, Mohammad Saber Khakhaninejad, Mahmoud Najafi

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