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The impact of socioeconomic conditions, social networks, and health on frail older people’s life satisfaction: a cross-sectional study

Helene Berglund, Henna Hasson, Katarina Wilhelmson, Anna Dunér, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
  • Helene Berglund
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg; Center of Aging and Health - AGECAP, Section of Health and Rehabilitation, University of Gothenburg; Vårdalinstitutet, Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, Lund, Sweden | helene.berglund@gu.se
  • Henna Hasson
    Vårdalinstitutet, Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, Lund; Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre (MMC), Stockholm; Centre for Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Katarina Wilhelmson
    Center of Aging and Health - AGECAP, Section of Health and Rehabilitation, University of Gothenburg; Vårdalinstitutet, Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, Lund; Department of Geriatrics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Anna Dunér
    Vårdalinstitutet, Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, Lund; Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
    Center of Aging and Health - AGECAP, Section of Health and Rehabilitation, University of Gothenburg; Vårdalinstitutet, Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, Lund, Sweden

Abstract

It has been shown that frailty is associated with low levels of wellbeing and life satisfaction. Further exploration is needed, however, to better understand which components constitute life satisfaction for frail older people and how satisfaction is related to other life circumstances. The aim of this study was to examine relationships between frail older people’s life satisfaction and their socioeconomic conditions, social networks, and health-related conditions. A cross-sectional study was conducted (n=179). A logistic regression analysis was performed, including life satisfaction as the dependent variable and 12 items as independent variables. Four of the independent variables made statistically significant contributions: financial situation (OR 3.53), social contacts (OR 2.44), risk of depression (OR 2.26), and selfrated health (OR 2.79). This study demonstrates that financial situation, self-rated health conditions and social networks are important components for frail older people’s life satisfaction. Health and social care professionals and policy makers should consider this knowledge in the care and service for frail older people; and actions that benefit life satisfaction − such as social support − should be promoted.

Keywords

Frail older people, life satisfaction, cross-sectional study, logistic regression analysis

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Submitted: 2015-10-11 11:46:27
Published: 2016-06-23 10:34:21
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Copyright (c) 2016 Helene Berglund, Henna Hasson, Katarina Wilhelmson, Anna Dunér, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff

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