Fahr’s disease: familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification with and without extrapyramidal disorders

  • Alberto Castagna | albertocastagna@tiscali.it Center for Cognitive Disorders and Dementia, Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale di Catanzaro, Italy.
  • Carmen Ruberto Center for Cognitive Disorders and Dementia, Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale di Catanzaro, Italy.
  • Rosa Paola Cerra Geriatric Unit, Pugliese-Ciaccio General Hospital, Catanzaro, Italy.
  • Laura Greco Geriatric Unit, Pugliese-Ciaccio General Hospital, Catanzaro, Italy.
  • Giovanni Ruotolo Geriatric Unit, Pugliese-Ciaccio General Hospital, Catanzaro, Italy.

Abstract

Fahr’s disease (FD), also known as familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification, is a neurodegenerative disease affecting cerebral micro vessels, mainly in the basal ganglia. It mostly presents with movement disorders, dementia and behavioral abnormalities. It is considered hereditary with an autosomal dominant transmission. Fahr’s disease is often underestimated and under diagnosed. We reported the clinical differences found in two patients with Fahr’s Disease. In particular, we described a case of Fahr’s disease with behavioral alteration with extrapyramidal movement disorders, and a rare case of Fahr’s disease with cognitive and behavioral alterations in absence of extrapyramidal movement disorders.

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Published
2020-04-24
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Issue
Section
Case Reports
Keywords:
Basal ganglia calcification, Fahr’s disease, extrapyramidal disorders.
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How to Cite
Castagna, A., Ruberto, C., Cerra, R. P., Greco, L., & Ruotolo, G. (2020). Fahr’s disease: familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification with and without extrapyramidal disorders. Geriatric Care, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/gc.2020.8670

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