A study of group reminiscence therapy and emotional intelligence among elderly members

  • Azam Bazooband | azam.bazooband@gmail.com Department of Management, Babol Branch, Payam Noor University Babol, Iran.
  • Abdolvahab Baghbanian Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Australia.
  • Ghazal Torkfar Menzies Centre for Health Policy, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the effects of group reminiscence therapy on elderly’s emotional intelligence. A quasi-experimental research with a pre-test-post-test control group was conducted in July 2015, with a sample of 40 elderly members referring to an (anonymous) Community Center in the city of Shiraz, Iran. A predesigned instrument, i.e., the Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire developed by Schering, was applied to collect data. SPSS Statistics v. 22.0 (Released 2013; IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA) was used to analyze data, with a 95% confidence level and a measurement error of α=0.05. Hypothesis tests were mainly conducted to examine whether group reminiscence therapy correlates with emotional intelligence among the respondents. Findings revealed that the applied intervention i.e., group reminiscence therapy significantly associates with various dimensions of emotional intelligence including self-awareness, self-control, self-motivation, empathy and social skills in the older adults within the experiment group; i.e., the mean scores of the variables for the post-test administered on the experimental group were significantly higher than those on the control group. Group reminiscence therapy has the potential to enhance emotional intelligence in the elderly by helping them control their thoughts and emotions and learn problem-solving skills.

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Published
2016-09-19
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Section
Original Articles
Supporting Agencies
Jahandidegan Community Center
Keywords:
Community-aged center, elderly, emotional intelligence, group reminiscence therapy, older adults, Shiraz-Iran.
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How to Cite
Bazooband, A., Baghbanian, A., & Torkfar, G. (2016). A study of group reminiscence therapy and emotional intelligence among elderly members. Geriatric Care, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/gc.2016.5927