An unusual case of neck hematoma and hypercalcemia
One of the most frequent cause of hypercalcemia is primary hyperparathyroidism, which can lead to systemic involvement and life-threatening conditions. We described a rare case of a parathyroid adenoma rupture with consequent bleeding and respiratory airway compression. An 84-year-old man presented to the emergency department complaining neck swelling and related dysphagia. A computer tomography of the neck revealed an extensive left lateral hematoma, and a neck ultrasonography evidenced a hemorrhagic parathyroid adenoma, later confirmed by a 99 mTc-MIBI scintigraphy. To date only 40 cases of ruptured parathyroid adenomas have been described in literature, however due to the possibility of massive bleeding and compression of the airways this diagnosis should always be ruled out. The rupture of a parathyroid adenoma is a rare, but possibly life-threatening event due to airways compression and hemodynamic instability. Testing for hypercalcemia and hyperparathyroidism is mandatory to obtain a correct diagnosis.
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