Laboratory testing in the emergency department: an Italian Society of Clinical Biochemistry and Clinical Molecular Biology (SIBioC) and Academy of Emergency Medicine and Care (AcEMC) consensus report

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Giuseppe Lippi *
Mauro Panteghini
Sergio Bernardini
Laura Bonfanti
Paolo Carraro
Ivo Casagranda
Mario Cavazza
Ferruccio Ceriotti
Marcello Ciaccio
Daniele Coen
Davide Giavarina
Fabrizio Giostra
Ciro Paolillo
Mario Plebani
Giorgio Ricci
Gianfranco Cervellin
(*) Corresponding Author:
Giuseppe Lippi | giuseppe.lippi@univr.it

Abstract

The mainstay of patient-oriented laboratory testing in emergency settings entails selecting number and type of tests according to valid criteria of appropriateness. Since the pattern of urgent tests requesting is variable across different institutions, we designed a joined survey between the Academy of Emergency Medicine and Care (AcEMC) and the Italian Society of Clinical Biochemistry and Clinical Molecular Biology (SIBioC) for reaching tentative consensus about the most informative diagnostic tests in emergency settings. A survey, containing the most commonly performed urgent laboratory tests and the relative clinical indications, was disseminated to eight relevant members of AcEMC and eight relevant members of SIBioC. All contributors were asked to provide numerical scores for the different laboratory parameters, where 1 indicated strongly recommended, 2 recommended in specific circumstances, and 3 strongly discouraged. The mean results of the survey were presented as the mean of responders’ values, and the parameters were finally classified as strongly recommended (mean value, 1.0-1.5), somehow recommended (mean value, 1.5-2.0), discouraged (mean value, 2.0-2.5) and strongly discouraged (mean value, 2.5-3.0). The results of the survey allowed defining a hierarchy of priority, wherein 24 tests were strongly recommended. The use of 5 common tests was instead strongly discouraged. For 16 additional parameters in the list, the consensus ranged between somehow recommended and discouraged. We hope that results presented in this joint AcEMC-SIBioC consensus document may help harmonizing panel of tests and requesting patters in emergency setting, at least at a national level.

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Author Biography

Giuseppe Lippi, Section of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Verona

Emergency Department

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