Delayed neuropsychiatric syndrome after carbon monoxide poisoning: inclusion of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the recovery protocol

  • Dante Lo Pardo San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona University Hospital, Salerno, Italy.
  • Davide Amedola San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona University Hospital, Salerno, Italy.
  • Giuliana Senatore San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona University Hospital, Salerno, Italy.
  • Alberto Damiano San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona University Hospital, Salerno, Italy.
  • Gabriela Pezzuti San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona University Hospital, Salerno, Italy.
  • Nicola Pugliese San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona University Hospital, Salerno, Italy.
  • Gianpiero Locatelli San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona University Hospital, Salerno, Italy.
  • Alfredo Siani San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona University Hospital, Salerno, Italy.
  • Nicola Maria Vitola | nicola.vitola@gmail.com San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona University Hospital, Salerno, Italy.

Abstract

The delayed neuropsychiatric syndrome can arise in the period from 4 days to 5 weeks following carbon monoxide poisoning, and is characterized by neuropsychological deficits, which in some cases become chronic. This case report describes an adult female who apparently suffered self-inflicted carbon monoxide poisoning. She was not treated with hyperbaric oxygen and developed delayed sequelae on day 20. The treatment started with 40 sessions of hyperbaric oxygen therapy and subsequently with neuropsychological rehabilitation and physiotherapy. The treatment resulted in a progressive and almost complete physical and psychological recovery as evidenced by neuropsychometric tests and diagnostic imaging performed in the follow-up. Recovery was attributed to hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Although further research is required, we propose hyperbaric oxygen therapy also in the recovery protocol in the treatment of delayed neuropsychiatric syndrome.

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Published
2016-06-20
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Issue
Section
Case Reports
Keywords:
Carbon monoxide poisoning, Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, Delayed neuropsychiatric sequelae, Suicide attempt
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How to Cite
Lo Pardo, D., Amedola, D., Senatore, G., Damiano, A., Pezzuti, G., Pugliese, N., Locatelli, G., Siani, A., & Vitola, N. M. (2016). Delayed neuropsychiatric syndrome after carbon monoxide poisoning: inclusion of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the recovery protocol. Emergency Care Journal, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/ecj.2016.5675