Physical activity and medication in Brazilians suffering with non-communicable diseases in quarantine by COVID-19

  • Márcio Doro Universidade São Judas Tadeu, Brazil.
  • Yara Ferreira Marques Group of Research in Physical Exercise Science, Universidade Municipal de São Caetano do Sul, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7880-0185
  • Heitor Felipe Cantarinho de Lima Group of Research in Physical Exercise Science, Universidade Municipal de São Caetano do Sul, Brazil.
  • Willian de Oliveira Caccalano Group of Research in Physical Exercise Science, Universidade Municipal de São Caetano do Sul, Brazil.
  • Aide Angélica de Oliveira Nessi Universidade São Judas Tadeu, Brazil.
  • Érico Chagas Caperuto Universidade São Judas Tadeu, Brazil.
  • Denise de Oliveira Alonso Health School, Universidade Municipal de São Caetano do Sul, Brazil.
  • Daniel Leite Portella | daniel.portella@prof.uscs.edu.br Master Program in Innovation in Higher Education in Health, Universidade Municipal de São Caetano do Sul, Brazil; Doctoral Program in Physical Activity Sciences, Universidad Católica del Maule, Chile.

Abstract

This study aimed to compare the practice of physical activity in groups of people with chronic diseases with and without medication, before and during the pandemic. 298 Brazilian individuals with chronic non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular, metabolic / endocrine, respiratory, orthopedic, gastrointestinal diseases, anxiety and depression were separated into two groups: with and without medication. A questionnaire with 14 questions was applied, tracing the behavioral profile in relation to physical exercises before and during isolation, interpreted through descriptive analysis, and the groups were compared through Mann-Whitman’s statistics. The drop in the percentage of active individuals with or without medication occurred when comparing the scenarios before and during quarantine. However, the difference in the prevalence of active individuals between the groups was significant, showing that the group with medication remained more active. The fear of contamination, the measures of distance and the lack of adherence of the population to classes by videoconference reduced the frequency of physical activities in the general sample population. However, people who used medication showed greater concern about the practice of physical activity to optimize treatment. The isolation period had a negative impact on the practice of physical activity, regardless of the presence of some chronic disease or the use of medication.

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Published
2021-04-29
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Original Articles
Keywords:
Medication, social isolation, physical exercise, COVID-19
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How to Cite
Doro, M., Ferreira Marques, Y., Cantarinho de Lima, H. F., de Oliveira Caccalano, W., de Oliveira Nessi, A. A., Chagas Caperuto, Érico, de Oliveira Alonso, D., & Leite Portella, D. (2021). Physical activity and medication in Brazilians suffering with non-communicable diseases in quarantine by COVID-19. European Journal of Translational Myology, 31(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/ejtm.2021.9772