Physical activity and medication in Brazilians suffering with non-communicable diseases in quarantine by COVID-19
This study aimed to compare the practice of physical activity in groups of people with chronic diseases with and without medication, before and during the pandemic. 298 Brazilian individuals with chronic non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular, metabolic / endocrine, respiratory, orthopedic, gastrointestinal diseases, anxiety and depression were separated into two groups: with and without medication. A questionnaire with 14 questions was applied, tracing the behavioral profile in relation to physical exercises before and during isolation, interpreted through descriptive analysis, and the groups were compared through Mann-Whitman’s statistics. The drop in the percentage of active individuals with or without medication occurred when comparing the scenarios before and during quarantine. However, the difference in the prevalence of active individuals between the groups was significant, showing that the group with medication remained more active. The fear of contamination, the measures of distance and the lack of adherence of the population to classes by videoconference reduced the frequency of physical activities in the general sample population. However, people who used medication showed greater concern about the practice of physical activity to optimize treatment. The isolation period had a negative impact on the practice of physical activity, regardless of the presence of some chronic disease or the use of medication.
Coronavírus: OMS declara pandemia; BBC News Brasil [internet homepage]. 2020. Available at: https://www.bbc.com/portuguese/geral-51842518
Codeço CT, Coelho FC. Redes: um olhar sistêmico para a epidemiologia de doenças transmissíveis. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva. 2008; 13(6): 1767-1774. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232008000600011
Tang F, Liang J, Zhang H, Kelifa MM, He Q, Wang P. COVID-19 related depression and anxiety among quarantined respondents. Psychology & Health. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2020.1782410
Hudson GM, Sprow K. Promoting Physical Activity During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Implications for Obesity and Chronic Disease Management. J Phys Act Health. 2020 Jun 9:1-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2020-0318
Abreu JM, Souza RA, Viana-Meireles LG, Landeira-Fernandez J, Filgueiras A. Effects of physical activity and exercise on well-being in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. medRxiv at https://t.co/nYhCVPaqCn
Oliveira Neto L, Elsangedy HM, Tavares VDO. Treinamento físico em casa durante a pandemia do COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2): abordagem fisiológica e comportamental. Revista Brasileira de Fisiologia do Exercício. 2020; 19(2 supl): p. 9-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33233/rbfe.v19i2.4006
Ferreira MS, Castiel LD, Cardoso MHCA. A patologização do sedentarismo. Saúde Sociedade. 2012; 21(4): 836-847. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-12902012000400004
de Rezende LF, Rabacow FM, Viscondi JY, Luiz Odo C, Matsudo VK, Lee IM. Effect of physical inactivity on major noncommunicable diseases and life expectancy in Brazil. J Phys Act Health. 2015 Mar;12(3):299-306. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2013-0241
de Rezende LF, Rey-López JP, Matsudo VK, do Carmo Luiz O. Sedentary behavior and health outcomes among older adults: a systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2014 Apr 9;14:333. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-333
Sá CDSC, Pombo A, Luz C, Rodrigues LP, Cordovil R. Covid-19 Social Isolation in Brazil: Effects on the Physical activity routine of families with children. Rev Paul Pediatr. 2020 Nov 11;39:e2020159. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1984-0462/2021/39/2020159
Ferreira MJ, Irigoyen MC, Consolim-Colombo F, Saraiva JFK, Angelis K. Physically Active Lifestyle as an Approach to Confronting COVID-19. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020 Apr;114(4):601-602. English, Portuguese.
Bezerra ACV, Silva CEMD, Soares FRG, Silva JAMD. Factors associated with people's behavior in social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cien Saude Colet. 2020 Jun;25(suppl 1):2411-2421. Portuguese, English. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232020256.1.10792020
Pitanga FLG, Beck CC, Pitanga CPS. Inatividade física, obesidade e COVID-19: perspectivas entre múltiplas pandemias. Revista Brasileira de Atividade Física & Saúde. 2020; 25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12820/rbafs.25e0114
Burtscher J, Burtscher M, Millet GP. (Indoor) Isolation, stress, and physical inactivity: Vicious circles accelerated by COVID‐19? Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2020; 30 (8): p. 1544-1545. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13706
Coelho CF, Burini RC. Atividade física para prevenção e tratamento das doenças crônicas não transmissíveis e da incapacidade funcional. Revista de Nutrição. Campinas. 2009. 22 (6):937-946. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-52732009000600015
dos Santos M, Matsudo VKR. Atividade física e uso de medicamentos. CELAFISCS. 2018; 23 (4): 152-159.
Parker K, Uddin R, Ridgers ND, Brown H, Veitch J, Salmon J, Timperio A, Sahlqvist S, Cassar S, Toffoletti K, Maddison R, Arundell L. The Use of Digital Platforms for Adults' and Adolescents' Physical Activity During the COVID-19 Pandemic (Our Life at Home): Survey Study. J Med Internet Res. 2021 Feb 1;23(2):e23389. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/23389
- Abstract views: 712
- PDF: 164
- HTML: 0
Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.