Assessing the feasibility of using the short physical performance battery to measure function in the immediate postoperative period after total knee replacement
Measurements of physical function after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are uncertain and require investments for special equipment, space, and staff. Therefore, we evaluated the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) 4 to 6 weeks preoperatively and 2 weeks following TKA as this test battery addresses lower extremity strength, coordination, and balance, without additional special investments. For context, we also employed the Six-Minute Walk test (6MWT) and peak torque knee extension. Our analysis consisted of three women and one man, with average ages of 68.3±3.9 years. Patients showed a decrease in all functional measurements: SPPB (mean change: −4.8±1.9, 44% decrease), 6MWT (−0.37±.21 m/s, 34% decrease), and peak torque (−11.8±8.8°/s, 68% decrease). Our findings suggest the SPPB is feasible and can be integrated easily in daily clinical practice.
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