Investigation of the association between metabolic syndrome and breast cancer patients
One of the most serious cancers among women is breast cancer. This disease is the first reason for the death of women due to cancer. Increasing breast cancer risk may associate with many factors including genetic, reproductive factors, people's lifestyle, metabolic syndrome (MS) and hormones. MS has been known as a risk factor for prostate, pancreatic, breast and colorectal cancers. The purpose of this review is to identify the relationship between MS components and breast cancer individually. This study was performed by researching electronic database references including PubMed, Google Scholar, CINAHL ProQuest, and web of science through 2019. The effect of MS with its components and breast cancer was reported in many studies.
Nevertheless, a thorough understanding of the mechanisms involved remains a challenge.
However, one can take several preventive measures, including a proper diet, which is one of the most important determinants of metabolic status. Also, general preventive recommendations are including reducing alcohol consumption, red meat and total fat in the diet. Moreover, increasing the consumption of vegetable and fruit reduce the proportion of MS patients to improve the outcome of breast cancer patients.
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