Carla Stecco, Guest Editor
Raffaele De Caro, Guest Editor
Department of Neuroscience, Section of Human Anatomy, University of Padua, Italy

Deadline for submissions: June 1st, 2019.

To be published September 30, 2019 (but typescripts will be e-published as Early Released as soon as the edited papers will be approved by all authors).
For many years the fasciae have been considered by the anatomists only as a “white envelope for the muscles”, and little attention has been given to their macroscopic and histological anatomy. In anatomic displays the fascia is generally removed, so the viewer can see nerves and vessels but fails to appreciate the fascia which connects, and separates, these structures. It is probably for this reason that different descriptions of the fasciae exist in Literature. Really, in the last years the fasciae and their properties are becoming of central importance to clinicians practicing in various conventional and alternative therapies and the fascial tissue is actually the subject of a wide range of scientific research with many specializations. The results from the worldwide research activities constitute a body of significant and important data, but this clinical interest is not supported by in-depth comprehension to how integrate the new knowledge about fasciae and the classical biomechanical model based on muscles, tendons and bones.
So, the aim of this special issue is to point the attention to several open questions:

- How fasciae and muscles interact during movement?
- Have the fascia a role in posture?
- How do the various fasciae appear under ultrasound, MRI, and CAT scans? Could these instruments help us to understand the structure of the fasciae in living people? And what about the relationship between fasciae and surrounding structures?
- What is the role of the extracellular matrix, and in particular of the hyaluronic acid component?
- Could fasciae be considered elastic tissue? What is the percentage of elastic fibres within fasciae? Are there regional variations?
- Are fasciae innervated? And what type of receptors could be recognized within fasciae? can the fascia play a role in proprioception?
- Do the fasciae possess a basal tonus? Have they the capacity to actively contract?
- Do fasciae have a role in motor coordination?

Answers to these questions could contribute to clinician’s understanding of the biomechanical behaviour of the fasciae, their role in acute and chronic myofascial pain syndromes and of the real effectiveness of different therapies.