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Objectives: To evaluate oncological feasibility and oncological and functional results of retroperitoneal sutureless zero ischemia laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN).
Patients and methods: Patients with posterior renal masses with low nephrometry score (RENAL ≤ 7) treated who underwent retroperitoneal sutureless zero ischemia.in a single center from January 2016 to November 2017. Clinical, surgical and pathological data were prospectively collected. Complications were reported according to the modified Clavien classification.
Results: Retroperitoneal sutureless zero ischemia laparoscopic partial nephrectomy was performed on 15 patients. The indication for nephron-sparing surgery was elective in 11 (73%) patients and imperative in 4 (27%). Median RENAL score was 5 (IQR: 5-7), median tumor diameter 25 mm (IQR: 20-35). In 11 cases, the tumor was located polar (85%), and in 2 cases hilar (15%). There were no intraoperative complications. No cases were converted to radical nephrectomy, and in no case parenchyma suture was necessary. Median operative time was 90 min (IQR:40-150), in no case clamping of the renal artery was necessary, median hospital stay was 4 days, median estimated blood loss (EBL) was 310 (180-500) ml. Pathological analysis showed renal cell carcinoma in 11 patients (85%), 9 (60%) staged T1a and 2 (13%) T1b. In 4 (27%) an oncocytoma was found. There were no positive surgical margins. One patient developed a major postoperative complication (postoperative renal bleeding requiring super-selective embolization). Trifecta rate was 93%.
Conclusions: Sutureless retroperitoneal zero ischemia LPN for the treatment of low-complexity posterior renal masses showed to be safe and feasible. Longer follow-up and higher numbers of patients are, however, warranted to draw definitive conclusions on functional outcomes.